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Cadillac From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search For other uses, see Cadillac (disambiguation). This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. Please improve this article if you can. (January 2009) Cadillac Motor Car Division Type Division of GM Founded 1902 Headquarters Detroit, Michigan Key people Henry M. Leland Industry Automobiles, bicycles Products Luxury vehicles Parent General Motors (1909–present) Website cadillac.com Cadillac is a luxury vehicle marque owned by General Motors. Cadillac vehicles are sold in over 50 countries and territories, but mainly in North America. Contents [hide] 1 History 1.1 Founding 1.2 Contributions to the automotive industry 1.2.1 Choice as WWI military staff car 1.2.2 Body design 1.2.3 Advanced engines and transmissions 1.3 Early vehicles 1.3.1 1908 parts interchangeability test 1.4 General Motors 1.4.1 La Salle "companion car" 1.5 The Great Depression 1.6 Postwar 1.7 Low points, and recovery 1.7.1 Excessive dimensions 1.7.2 Seville introduction and downsizing 1.7.3 "Look-alike, drive-alike syndrome" 1.7.4 Diesel V8 1.7.5 Cimarron 1.7.6 V8-6-4 and HT4100 1.7.7 Allanté 1.7.8 Downsizing and the Brougham 1.7.9 Competition with Lincoln - Escalade 1.8 The Art and Science Era 1.9 Electric vehicles 2 Cadillac models 2.1 Historical and classic 2.2 Finned Fifties 2.3 1960s and 1970s 2.4 Alphabetical model summary 3 Current 4 Concepts, prototypes 5 Cadillac Bicycles 6 See also 7 References 8 External links  History  Founding Cadillac was formed from the remnants of the Henry Ford Company when Henry Ford departed along with several of his key partners and the company was dissolved. With the intent of liquidating the firm's assets, Ford's financial backers, William Murphy and Lemuel Bowen called in engineer Henry M. Leland of Leland & Faulconer Manufacturing Company to appraise the plant and equipment prior to selling them. Instead, Leland persuaded them to continue the automobile business using Leland's proven 1-cylinder engine. Henry Ford's departure required a new name, and on August 22, 1902, the company reformed as the Cadillac Automobile Company. Leland & Faulconer Manufacturing and the Cadillac Automobile Company merged in 1905. The Cadillac automobile was named after the 17th-century French explorer Antoine Laumet de la Mothe, Sieur de Cadillac, who founded Detroit in 1701.  Contributions to the automotive industry From its earliest years, Cadillac aimed for precision engineering and stylish luxury finish, causing its cars to be ranked amongst the world's finest made. Utilisation of interchangeable parts was an important innovation in 1908. Cadillac was the first volume manufacturer of a fully enclosed cab in 1910 and, in 1912, was first to incorporate an electrical system enabling starting, ignition and lighting. In 1915 it introduced a thermostatically controlled engine cooling system and, in 1922, thermostatic carburetion control.  Choice as WWI military staff car In July 1917, the United States Army needed a dependable staff car and chose the Cadillac Type 55 Touring Model after exhaustive tests on the Mexican border. 2,350 of the cars were supplied for use in France by officers of the American Expeditionary Force during WWI.  Body design Cadillac introduced designer-styled bodywork (as against auto-engineered) in 1927. It installed shatter-resistant glass in 1926. Cadillac also introduced the 'turret top', the first all-steel roof on a passenger car. Previously, car roofs were constructed of fabric-covered wood. Tailfins were added to body shape in 1948. The Eldorado Brougham of 1957 offered a 'memory seat' function, allowing seat positions to be saved and recalled for different drivers. The first fully automatic heater/air conditioning system was introduced in 1964, allowing the driver to set a desired temperature to be maintained by 'climate control'. From the late 1960s, Cadillac offered a fiber-optic warning system to alert the driver to failed light bulbs. Dual airbags were offered on some Cadillac models from 1974 to 1977.  Advanced engines and transmissions In 1914, the first production V8 engines were installed in Cadillacs and, from 1930 through 1940, the first production V-16 engine (that included the world's first hydraulic valve lifters), as well as a V-12 from 1931 through 1937. Cadillac, along with Buick and Oldsmobile, introduced mass-produced independent-wishbone front suspension in 1934. In 1928, Cadillac also incorporated a fully-synchronized manual transmission with constant-mesh gears. In 1940, along with Oldsmobile, it was among the first production cars to offer General Motors' Hydramatic automatic transmission which combined a fluid coupling with three hydraulically-controlled planetary gearsets to produce four forward speeds plus reverse.  Early vehicles Cadillac, 1903 (Smithsonian) 1903 Cadillac Model A 1910 Cadillac 1929 CadillacTheir first car was completed in October 1902, the 10 hp (7 kW) Cadillac. It was practically identical to the 1903 Ford Model A. Many sources say the first car rolled out of the factory on October 17; in the book Henry Leland — Master of Precision, the date is October 20; another reliable source shows car #3 to have
been built on October 16. In any case, the new Cadillac was shown at the New York Auto Show the following January, where it impressed the crowds enough to gather over two thousand firm orders. The Cadillac's biggest selling point was precision manufacturing and, therefore, reliability; it was simply a better-made vehicle than its competition.  1908 parts interchangeability test In February to March 1908, three Model K Cadillacs (1907 production) were released from the stock of Frederick Bennett (UK agent for Cadillac) at the Heddon Street showroom in London to compete in the annual Royal Automobile Club's Standardization Test. They were driven 25 miles (40 km) to the Brooklands race track at Weybridge where they completed another 25 miles (40 km) before being put under lock and key until Monday March 2, 1908, when they were released and disassembled completely. Their 721 component parts were scrambled in one heap; 89 parts requiring extreme accuracy were withdrawn from the heap, locked away at the Brooklands club house and replaced with new parts from the showroom stock. Using only wrenches and screwdrivers the 3 cars were re-assembled and on Friday March 13 they completed a mandatory 500-mile (800-km) run. On completion of the test, one of the cars was placed under lock and key where it remained until the start of the 2,000 miles (3,200 km) Reliability Trials, several months later. It came out the winner of the R.A.C. Trophy. Parts interchangeability could not have been proven in any more appropriate way. As a result of these tests, the Cadillac Automobile Company was awarded the Dewar Trophy for 1908 (actual award month was February 1909). The Dewar Trophy was an annual award for the most important advancement of the year in the automobile industry.  General Motors Cadillac was purchased by the General Motors conglomerate in 1909. Cadillac became General Motors' prestige division, devoted to the production of large luxury vehicles. The Cadillac line was also GM's default marque for "commercial chassis" institutional vehicles, such as limousines, ambulances, hearses, and funeral home flower cars, the latter three of which were custom-built by aftermarket manufacturers. Cadillac does not produce any such vehicles in their factory. Pre-World War II Cadillacs were well-built, powerful, mass-produced luxury cars, aimed at an upper class market. In the 1930s, Cadillac added cars with V12 and V16 engines to their range, many of which were fitted with custom coach-built bodies; these engines were remarkable at the time for their ability to deliver a combination of high power, silky smoothness and quietness.  La Salle "companion car" Automobile stylist Harley Earl, whom Cadillac had recruited in 1926 and who was to head the new Art and Color section starting in January 1928, designed for 1927 a new, smaller "companion" car to the Cadillac which he called the La Salle, after another French explorer, René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle. That marque remained in production until 1940.  The Great Depression 1940 Cadillac 90 Town CarIn 1932, after Cadillac suffered from record low sales and charges of discrimination against black customers, Alfred Sloan created a committee to consider the discontinuation of the Cadillac line. At a fateful board meeting, Cadillac president Nicholas Dreystadt heard that legendary boxer Joe Louis could not go into a dealership to buy a car, because he was black, and resorted to having a white friend make the purchase for him. Dreystadt gave the GM board of directors a ten-minute speech in which he advocated advertising to black consumers so as to increase sales. The board agreed to give Dreystadt 18 months to produce results. Cadillac managed to survive the Great Depression by being part of GM. By 1940, Cadillac sales had risen tenfold compared to 1934. The year 1934 brought about a revolution in assembly-line technology. Henry F. Phillips introduced the Phillips screw and driver to the market. He entered into talks with General Motors and convinced the Cadillac group that his new screws would speed assembly times and therefore increase profits. Cadillac was the first automaker to use the Phillips technology, which was widely adopted in 1940.  Postwar Promotional art of the 1947 Cadillac Series 75 SedanPostwar Cadillacs, incorporating the ideas of General Motors styling chief Harley J. Earl, innovated many of the styling features that came to be synonymous with the classic (late-1940s and 1950s) American automobile, including tailfins and wraparound windshields. Cadillac's first tailfins, inspired by the twin rudders of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning aircraft, appeared in 1948; the 1959 Cadillac was the epitome of the tailfin craze, with the most recognizable tailfins of any production automobile. Cadillac's other distinctive styling attribute was its front-bumper designs which became known as Dagmar bumpers or simply Dagmars. What had started out after the war as an artillery shell shaped bumper guard became an increasingly important part of Cadillac's complicated front grille and bumper assembly. As the 1950s wore on, the element was placed higher in the front-end design, negating their purpose as bumper guards. They also became more pronounced and were likened to the bosom of 1950s television personality Dagmar. In 1957 the bumpers gained black rubber tips which only heightened the relationship between the styling element and a stylized, exaggerated bumper design. For 1958 the element was toned down and was completely absent from the 1959 models. 1948 Cadillac 1960 Cadillac  Low points, and recovery  Excessive dimensions Despite record sales in 1973 and again in the late 1970s, Cadillac suffered from the malaise that set in to the American auto industry in the late 1970s to the late 1980s, primarily due to new government mandates on safety, emissions, and fuel economy. There were many high points, such as the launch of the front-wheel drive Eldorado in 1967 as a personal luxury coupe, with its simple, elegant design — a far cry from the tail-fin and chrome excesses of the 1950s. The 1970s saw vehicles memorable for excesses in dimensions and engine size before the downsizing era set in later in the decade. The new-generation engine that debuted with the 1968 models at a displacement of 472 cu in (7.7 L) was designed for an ultimate capacity potential of 600 cu in (9.8 L). Displacement was increased to 500 cu in (8.2 L) for the 1970 model Eldorado, then adopted across all models for 1975. Performance waned after peaking at 420 hp (313 kW) and over 550 foot-pounds force (750 N·m) of torque in the first year and further declined in 1971 and later years due to reductions in compression ratios necessitated by the advent of low-octane unleaded fuel and increasingly stringent emission requirements.  Seville introduction and downsizing The compact Seville was introduced in April 1975 as a 1976 model and came standard with the first electronic fuel injection system. The engine was a fuel-injected version of the Oldsmobile 350. The 1977 downsized full-sized cars and the Eldorado were fitted with a downsized 425 cu in (7 L) V8. This engine provided good performance and fuel economy for the downsized RWD models but was underpowered for the large Eldorado. The bore was further reduced for 1980-1981 to provide 368 cu in (6 L), again sharing the stroke of the original 472, as well as the weight and physical bulk. As with most American brands, Cadillac was forced to downsize its offerings between the 1973 and 1979 fuel crises. Its staple De Ville and Fleetwood lines were downsized for 1977 and again for 1985 when the cars were also changed to a front-drive configuration. A downsized Eldorado debuted in 1979 with a new bustleback Seville sedan introduced on the same platform in 1980. Both the Eldorado and Seville were further downsized in 1986 into the compact-car class, with sales also shrinking.  "Look-alike, drive-alike syndrome" The "look-alike", "drive-alike" syndrome that affected most General Motors divisions under the administration of Roger Bonham Smith would have a negative effect on Cadillac as it tried to downsize its models. The DeVille, a generally successful model for Cadillac, would receive a complete redesign in 1985 that made the car heavily resemble its platform mates, the Buick Electra and Oldsmobile 98.  Diesel V8 Due to gasoline shortages during 1970s oil embargos and a desire for better fuel efficiency, Cadillac offered an Oldsmobile V8 engine that used diesel, the 'LF9' 350 cu in (5.7 L) unit, in its full-size cars from 1979 to 1985. A hastily modified version of the long and well-serving Oldsmobile Rocket 350 V8 gasoline engine was used rather than designing a small diesel engine from scratch, as was common in the industry, to quickly respond to customer demand and to keep overall powerplant (and hence overall chassis) weight to a minimum. Two extra main bolts were installed and the main bearing journals were also increased to 3 inches (76 mm) to compensate for the higher operating stresses and pressures that diesel engines exert on their reciprocating parts. This engine quickly gained a reputation for unreliability as a wave of catastrophic engine failures followed, usually of a rotating lower end component or head gasket, pointing to some combination of inadequate design, substandard metallurgy, and substandard machining. GM had recurring quality problems with the latter two deficiencies in a variety of internal parts across multiple engine and transmission lines throughout its mid-'70s-to-mid-'80s decade, so these problems certainly would not have been out of place in the crankcases of Olds 350 diesels. In addition, the fuel system did not have an effective water separating system, and neither the buyers nor the dealer service staff were adequately informed about the products and procedures necessary for the proper maintenance of the engine. This led to corrosion in the fuel injection pump, leading in turn to incorrect injection cycles, cylinder head lift, stretching or breaking of cylinder head bolts, failure of head gaskets, hydro-lock from coolant leaking into the cylinder, and the failure of internal engine components and attendant catastrophic engine failure. Ironically, Detroit Diesel, another division of GM, had decades of experience building quality but much larger diesel engines.  Cimarron The Cadillac CimarronIn an attempt to appeal to younger buyers, Cadillac launched the compact Cimarron in 1982. The Cimarron shared the J platform with the Chevrolet Cavalier, Buick Skyhawk, Oldsmobile Firenza, Pontiac J2000, Holden Camira, Isuzu Aska, and Opel Ascona, and was expected to rival the BMW 3-series. As the Cimarron was rushed to production about three years ahead of schedule, only a four-cylinder engine was available (a V6 arrived in 1985) and, at first, minimal styling differences were made to distinguish it from the considerably cheaper Chevrolet version. Buyers generally dismissed the Cimarron as a "warmed-over Cavalier" with leather seats. Styling became much more in tune with other Cadillacs in its later years, but sales did not significantly improve after its initial rejection and it was discontinued in 1988.  V8-6-4 and HT4100 [original research?] Another nadir during the early 1980s was the variable displacement engine, branded the L62 V8-6-4 engine. Introduced in 1981, this 6 L (368 cu in) engine selectively activated and deactivated cylinders according to power demand. But it proved unreliable and was dropped the next year in favor of a family of smaller aluminum V8 engines rushed into production. The HT-4100 4.1 L (≈250 cu in) engine was used widely in Cadillacs from 1982 through 1987. The majority of HT4100's failed before 60,000 miles (97,000 km) and many of the 1,000,000 HT4100's installed in 1982-1987 Cadillacs were replaced by the factory under warranty although some motors went 200,000 miles (320,000 km) with extremely careful maintenance and no overheating episodes which this aluminum block engine does not tolerate. The HT4100's problems were far more serious and prevalent than those in the one-year only V8-6-4 and cost Cadillac the loyalty of many customers. Cadillac introduced the 4.5 liter aluminum v8 in 1988 which proved to be a very reliable motor, these motors often see well over 250,000 miles (400,000 km). This power plant was bumped up to 4.9 liters in 1991 and ran until 1993. The famous Northstar V8 would power the Eldorado from the 1993 model year through the next decade.  Allanté Cadillac hoped the 1987 Allanté would help to rebuild its image1987 saw Cadillac try to rebuild its image, aware that imported European and Japanese performance models were on a rise, and with Honda launching its American luxury division, Acura. Some new design approaches were tried: the Seville, for instance, was downsized to BMW 5 series proportions and had rounded wheel arches with only a hint of chrome. During this period, the greatest challenge to the import sports cars was the Cadillac Allanté, a convertible designed by Pininfarina of Italy, and built on what was touted as the world's longest production line—with the car's bodies fabricated in Italy and flown by Boeing 747 to the United States to meet their transmission and engine. In the initial two years of production, Cadillac offered no options for the Allanté except for the interior and body color. Like the Cimarron of a few years earlier, the Allanté was introduced with an engine which was below the expectations of its target market. The 170 horsepower (130 kW) HT-4100 engine was insufficient against more powerful competition. This introductory platform turned off many potential customers, who considered the vehicle to be underpowered for its $55,000 price tag, causing them to conclude that Cadillac was not genuinely committed to building a performance car. In 1989 the powertrain was improved with the 4.5 L engine producing 200 horsepower (150 kW). Finally, in 1993 the powertrain was again upgraded to respectable performance with the 4.6 L Northstar V8 producing 290 horsepower (220 kW). This turned out to be the final year of production, as Allanté sales never reached the volume which Cadillac hoped for.  Downsizing and the Brougham 1996 Fleetwood Brougham, the last year of the traditional full-sized Cadillac. 1996 Sedan DeVille Touring Concours 1996 Sedan DeVille Touring ConcoursThe Cimarron and Seville models marked a beginning of "smaller" cars for the Cadillac line. Throughout the 1980s, American auto makers downsized most of their models, and Cadillac was no exception. By the late '80s, the Brougham was the only Cadillac model that retained the style and size of the "big" DeVilles and Fleetwoods of the '70s. The Brougham was redesigned in 1993 and renamed the Fleetwood, with an optional Brougham package,towing capacity is up to 7,000 pounds (3,200 kg) with the L05 V8. In 1994 Cadillac replaced the L05 engine with the new more powerful LT1 engine. The Fleetwood was discontinued after the 1996 model year. Following the demise of the Fleetwood, the Lincoln Town Car was left as the sole traditional full-sized luxury car remaining in the U.S. market.  Competition with Lincoln - Escalade After GM phased out the D platform in 1996, Cadillac was left with a completely front-wheel drive lineup except for the European-based Catera, introduced for 1997. The GMC Yukon Denali-based Escalade, Cadillac's first sport utility vehicle, was introduced in 1998 for the 1999 model year, and featured standard all-wheel drive. It was quickly created to capitalize on the instant market success of the Lincoln Navigator launched as a 1998 model and seemingly destined to propel the Lincoln brand's sales total for the 1998 calendar year well ahead of Cadillac's. By November 1998, Lincoln's year-to-date lead was a comfortable 6,783 vehicles, but Cadillac's December sales were reported as 23,861 vehicles, more than 10,000 ahead of its November sales. A prominent proportion of this increase was a rise in Escalade sales from 960 in November to 3,642 in December. The result was an overall lead for the Cadillac brand by a slim 222 vehicles. Subsequent audits of sales records during the first quarter of 1999, prompted by the unusual numbers posted in December plus the fact that Escalade sales had dropped to a mere 225 vehicles in January 1999, resulted in the discovery of an "error" of 4,773 units. With this corrected, it meant that Lincoln had in fact passed Cadillac in total sales for the 1998 calendar year (187,121 Lincolns sold vs. 182,570 for Cadillac). In the first week of May, 1999, a public retraction and apology was issued by GM spokesman Jim Farmer, admitting that "a combination of internal control breakdowns and overzealousness on the part of our team members" was the cause of the overstated figures, and adding that those responsible had been disciplined. However neither brand would have any reason to celebrate any sales success in the U.S. luxury market as their prior number-one and number-two positions had been overtaken by Japanese and German brands.  The Art and Science Era The CTS has quickly become Cadillac's sales and design leader in recent years.Cadillac has resisted the trend toward to producing "retro" models such as the revived Ford Thunderbird or the VW New Beetle. It has instead pressed ahead with a new design philosophy for the 21st century called "art and science" which it says "incorporates sharp, shear forms and crisp edges — a form vocabulary that expresses bold, high-technology design and invokes the technology used to design it." This new design language spread from the original CTS across the line all the way up to the XLR roadster. Presently, Cadillac offers two traditional rear-wheel drive sedans that compete with heralded high-end luxury cars produced by German or Japanese manufacturers. The flagship of these is the CTS-V, a direct competitor to the M5, of which an automatic version lapped the Nurburgring in 7:59.32, at the time a record for production sedans.   Electric vehicles A hybrid electric version of the Escalade is now available. New York Giants football player Eli Manning was awarded the keys to the Cadillac Escalade hybrid at the end of the Super Bowl XLII. Also the Cadillac Converj Concept was unveiled at the 2009 North American International Auto Show (NAIAS).  Cadillac models [show]v • d • eCadillac, a division of General Motors, road car timeline, 1930s–1970s — next » Type 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Entry-level 60 61 WWII 61 355 70/80 62 Series 62 6200 Calais Mid-size Seville Full-size 65 Coupe de Ville/Sedan DeVille 60S Sixty Special Fleetwood Flwd60S Fleetwood Limousine 355 72/75/85 Series 75 6700 Fleetwood 75 FL Personal Luxury Eldorado Roadster Halo V-16 Brougham  Historical and classic 1902-1903 Cadillac runabout and tonneau — 72 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine 1903-1904 Cadillac Model A — 72 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine 1904 Cadillac Models A and B Model A — 72 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine Model B — 76 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine 1905 Cadillac Models B, C, D, E and F Model B — 76 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine Model C — 72 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine Model D — 100 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Model E — 74 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine Model F — 76 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine 1906 Cadillac Models H, K, L, and M Model H — 102 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Model K — 74 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine Model L — 110 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Model M — 76 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine 1907 Cadillac Models G, H, K, and M Model G — 100 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Model H — 102 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Model K — 74 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine Model M — 76 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine 1908 Cadillac Models G, H, M, S and T Model G — 100 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Model H — 102 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Model M — 76 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine Model S — 82 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine Model T — 82 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine 1909-1911 Cadillac Model Thirty 1909 — 106 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine 1910 — 110 in wheelbase; 120 in wheelbase (limousine) four-cylinder engine Fisher 1911 — 116 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Fisher 1912 — Cadillac Model 1912; 116 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Fisher 1913 — Cadillac Model 1913; 120 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Fisher 1914 — Cadillac Model 1914; 120 and 134 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Fisher 1915 — Cadillac Type 51; 122 and 145 in wheelbase V8 Fisher 1916 — Cadillac Type 53; 122 132 and 145 in wheelbase V8 Fisher 1917 — Cadillac Type 55; 125 and 145 in wheelbase V8 Fisher 1918-1919 Cadillac Type 57; 125 132 and 145 in wheelbase V8 Fisher 1920-1921 Cadillac Type 59; 122 and 132 in wheelbase V8 Fisher 1922-1923 Cadillac Type 61; 132 in wheelbase V8 Fisher 1924 — Cadillac Type V-63; 132 and 145 in wheelbase V8 Fisher 1925 — Cadillac Type V-63; 132 138 and 145 in wheelbase V8 Fisher Fleetwood 1926-1927 Cadillac Series 314; 132 138 and 150 in wheelbase V8 Fisher Fleetwood 1928 — Cadillac Series 341-A; 140 and 152 in wheelbase V8 Fisher Fleetwood 1929 — Cadillac Series 341-B; 140 and 152 in wheelbase V8 Fisher Fleetwood 1930 Cadillac Series 353, 370 and 452 Fisher Fleetwood Series 353 — 140 and 152 in wheelbase V8 Fisher Fleetwood Series 370 — 140 143 and 152 in wheelbase V12 Fisher Fleetwood Series 452 — 148 in wheelbase V16 Fisher Fleetwood 1931 Cadillac Series 355, 370-A and 452-A Fisher Fleetwood Series 355 — 134 and 152 in wheelbase V8 Fleetwood Series 370-A — 140 143 and 152 in wheelbase V12 Fleetwood Series 452-A — 148 in wheelbase V16 Fisher Fleetwood 1932 Cadillac Series 355-B, 370-B and 452-B Fisher Fleetwood Series 355-B — 134 and 156 in wheelbase V8 Fisher Fleetwood Series 370-B — 140 and 156 in wheelbase V12 Fisher Fleetwood Series 452-B — 143 and 149 in wheelbase V16 Fisher Fleetwood 1933 Cadillac Series 355-C, 370-C and 452-C Fisher Fleetwood Series 355-C — 140 and 156 in wheelbase V8 Series 370-C — 134 140 and 156 in wheelbase V12 Series 452-C — 143 and 149 in wheelbase V16 1934 Cadillac Series 10, 20, 30 and 452-D Fisher Fleetwood Series 10 — 128 in wheelbase V8 Series 20 — 136 in wheelbase V8 Series 30 — 146 in wheelbase V8 Series 355-D Series 370-D — 146 in wheelbase V12 Series 452-D — 154 in wheelbase V16 1935 Cadillac Series 10, 20, 30 and 452-D Fisher Fleetwood Series 10 — 128 in wheelbase V8 Series 20 — 136 in wheelbase V8 Series 30 — 146 in wheelbase V8 Series 370-D — 146 and 160 in wheelbase V12 Series 452-D or 60 — 154 in wheelbase V16 1936 Cadillac Series 36-60, 36-70, 36-75, 36-80, 36-85, 36-90 Fisher Fleetwood Series 36-60 — 121 in wheelbase V8 Series 36-70 — 131 in wheelbase V8 Series 36-75 — 138 in wheelbase V8 Series 36-80 — 131 and 160 in wheelbase V12 Series 36-85 — 138 in wheelbase V12 Series 36-80 — 154 in wheelbase V16 1937 Cadillac Series 36-60, 37-65, 37-70, 37-75, 37-85, 37-90 Fisher Fleetwood Series 37-60 — 124 and 160.75 in wheelbase V8 Series 37-65 — 131 in wheelbase V8 Series 37-70 — 131 in wheelbase V8 Series 37-75 — 138 and 156 in wheelbase V8 Series 37-85 — 138 in wheelbase V12 Series 37-80 — 154 in wheelbase V16 1938 Cadillac Series 38-60, 38-60S, 38-65, 38-75, 38-90 Fisher Fleetwood Series 38-60 — 124 and 160 in wheelbase V8 Series 38-60S — 127 in wheelbase V8 Series 38-65 — 132 in wheelbase V8 Series 38-75 — 141 and 160 in wheelbase V8 Series 38-90 — 141 in wheelbase V16 1939 Cadillac Series 39-60S, 39-65, 39-75, 39-90 Fisher Fleetwood Series 39-60S — 127 in wheelbase V8 Series 39-61 — 126 and 162_ in wheelbase V8 Series 39-75 — 141 and 161_ in wheelbase V8 Series 39-90 — 141 in wheelbase V16 1940 Cadillac Series 40-60S, 40-62, 40-72, 40-75, 40-90 Fisher Fleetwood Series 40-60S — 127 in wheelbase V8 Series 40-62 — 129 in wheelbase V8 Series 40-72 — 138 and 165_ in wheelbase V8 Series 40-75 — 141 and 161_ in wheelbase V8 Series 40-90 — 141 in wheelbase V16 1941 Cadillac Series 41-60S, 41-61, 41-62, 41-63, 41-67, 41-75 Fisher Fleetwood Series 41-60S — 126 in wheelbase V8 Series 41-61 — 126 in wheelbase V8 Series 41-62 — 126 and 163 in wheelbase V8 Series 41-63 — 126 in wheelbase V8 Series 41-67 — 139 in wheelbase V8 Series 41-75 — 136 and 163 in wheelbase V8 1942 Cadillac Series 42-60S, 42-61, 42-62, 42-63, 42-67, 42-75 Fisher Fleetwood Series 42-60S Fleetwood — 133 in wheelbase V8 Series 42-61 — 126 in wheelbase V8 Series 42-62 — 129 in wheelbase V8 Series 42-63 — 126 in wheelbase V8 Series 42-67 — 139 in wheelbase V8 Series 42-75 — 136 and 163 in wheelbase V8 1946 Cadillac Series 60S, 61, 62, 75 Fisher Fleetwood Series 60S Fleetwood — 133 in wheelbase V8 Series 61 — 126 in wheelbase V8 Series 62 — 129 in wheelbase V8 Series 75 — 136 in wheelbase V8 1947 Cadillac Series 60S, 61, 62, 75 Fisher Fleetwood Series 60S Fleetwood — 133 in wheelbase V8 Series 61 — 126 in wheelbase V8 Series 62 — 129 in wheelbase V8 Series 75 — 138 in wheelbase V8 1948-1949 Cadillac Series 60S, 61, 62, 63, 75 Fisher Fleetwood Series 60S Fleetwood — 133 in wheelbase V8 Series 61 — 126 in wheelbase V8 Series 62 — 126 in wheelbase V8 Series 75 — 136 in wheelbase V8  Finned Fifties Chiang Kai-shek's Cadillac1950-1951 Cadillac Series 60S, 61, 62, 75 Fisher Fleetwood All models were equipped with the 331 cu. in. (5.4L) V8 Series 60S Fleetwood — 130 in wheelbase Series 61 — 122 in wheelbase Series 62 — 126 in wheelbase Series 75 — 146.75 in wheelbase 1952 Cadillac Series 60S, 62, 75 Fisher Fleetwood All models were equipped with the 331 cu. in. (5.4L) V8 Series 60S Fleetwood — 130 in wheelbase Series 62 — 126 in wheelbase Series 75 — 147 in wheelbase 1953 Cadillac Series 60S, 62, 75 Fisher Fleetwood All models were equipped with the 331 cu. in. (5.4L) V8 Series 60S Fleetwood — 130 in wheelbase Series 62 — 126 in wheelbase Series 75 — 146.75 in wheelbase 1954-1955 Cadillac Series 60S, 62, 75 Fisher Fleetwood All models were equipped with the 331 cu. in. (5.4L) V8 Series 60S Fleetwood — 133 in wheelbase Series 62 — 129 in wheelbase Series 75 — 149.8 in wheelbase 1956 Cadillac Series 60S, 62, 75 Fisher Fleetwood All models were equipped with the 365 cu. in. (6.0L) V8 Series 60S Fleetwood — 133 in wheelbase Series 62 — 129 in wheelbase Series 75 — 149.75 in wheelbase 1957-1958 Cadillac Series 60S, 62, 70, 75 Fisher Fleetwood All models were equipped with the 365 cu. in. (6.0L) V8 Series 60S Fleetwood — 133 in wheelbase Series 62 — 129.5 in wheelbase Series 70 — 126 in wheelbase "Eldorado Brougham" Series 75 — 149.7 in wheelbase 1959-1960 Cadillac Series 60S, 62, 63, 64, 69, 75 Fisher Fleetwood All models were equipped with the 390 cu. in. (6.4L) V8 Series 60S Fleetwood — 130 in wheelbase Series 62 — 130 in wheelbase Series 63 — 130 in wheelbase De Ville" sub-series Series 64 — 130 in wheelbase "Eldorado" sub-series Series 69 — 130 in wheelbase "Eldorado Brougham" Series 75 — 149.75 in wheelbase  1960s and 1970s 1961-1964 Cadillac Series 60S, 62, 75 Fisher Fleetwood Series 60S Fleetwood — 129.5 in wheelbase V8 Series 62 — 129.5 in wheelbase V8 Series 75 — 149.8 in wheelbase V8 1965-1966 Cadillac "Calais", "De Ville" and "Fleetwood" Series Fisher Fleetwood Calais — 129.5 in wheelbase V8 DeVille/Coupe de Ville — 129.5 in wheelbase V8 Fleetwood — 133 149.8 and 156 in wheelbase V8 1967-1970 Cadillac "Calais", "De Ville" and "Fleetwood" Series Fisher Fleetwood Calais — 129.5 in wheelbase V8 DeVille/Coupe de Ville — 129.5 in wheelbase V8 Fleetwood — 120 133 149.8 and 156 in wheelbase V8 1970-1973 Cadillac "Calais", "De Ville" and "Fleetwood" Series Fisher Fleetwood Calais — 130 in wheelbase V8 DeVille/Coupe de Ville — 130 in wheelbase V8 Fleetwood — 126.3 133 151.5 and 157.5 in wheelbase V8 1974 — Cadillac "Calais", "De Ville" and "Fleetwood" Series Fisher Fleetwood Calais — 130 in wheelbase V8 DeVille/Coupe de Ville — 130 in wheelbase V8 Fleetwood — 126 133 151.5 and 157.5 in wheelbase V8 1975 — Cadillac "Calais", "De Ville", "Seville" and "Fleetwood" Series Fisher Fleetwood Calais — 130 in wheelbase V8 DeVille/Coupe de Ville — 130 in wheelbase V8 Seville — 114.3 in wheelbase V8 Fleetwood — 126.3 133 151.5 and 157.5 in wheelbase V8  Alphabetical model summary 1987-1993 Cadillac Allante 1985-1992 Cadillac Brougham 1965-1976 Cadillac Calais 1975-1976 Cadillac Castilian Station Wagon 1997-2001 Cadillac Catera 1982-1988 Cadillac Cimarron 1935-1983 Cadillac commercial chassis 1949-2005 Cadillac DeVille 1949-1993 Cadillac Coupe de Ville 1953-2002 Cadillac Eldorado 1956-1964 Cadillac Eldorado Biarritz 1957-1960 Cadillac Eldorado Brougham 1956-1960 Cadillac Eldorado Seville 1965-2003 Cadillac Fleetwood Eldorado 1927-1996 Cadillac Fleetwood 1975-2004 Cadillac Seville 1938-1993 Cadillac Sixty Special  Current The emblem on the front of the Cadillac Escalade2005-present Cadillac XLR-V 2005-present Cadillac STS-V 2004-present Cadillac CTS-V 2005-present Cadillac BLS (Europe, Middle East, Asia, Mexico, and South Africa only) 2003-present Cadillac CTS 2006-present Cadillac DTS 1999-present Cadillac Escalade full-sized SUV 2003-present Cadillac Escalade ESV top of the line SUV 2002-present Cadillac Escalade EXT pickup truck 2004-present Cadillac SRX 2005-present Cadillac STS 2004-present Cadillac XLR  Concepts, prototypes Cadillac V-16 Aero coupe — 1933 Cadillac Caribbean, Coupe de Ville, El Rancho, Embassy — 1949 Cadillac Debutante — 1950 Cadillac custom roadster for Bill Boyer — 1951-52 Cadillac Eldorado and Townsman — 1952 Cadillac Le Mans and Orleans — 1953 Cadillac El Camino, La Espada, Park Avenue — 1954 Cadillac Celebrity, Eldorado Brougham, La Salle II, Eldorado St. Moritz, Westchester — 1955 Cadillac Castilian, Gala, Maharani, Palomino, Eldorado Brougham and Eldorado Brougham Town Car — 1956 Cadillac Director — 1957 Cadillac "Rain Car" and 4-door Eldorado Seville — 1958 Cadillac Cyclone — 1959 Cadillac 4-door phaeton — 1960 Cadillac Florentine — 1964 Cadillac CART-PPG — 1985 Cadillac Voyage — 1988 Cadillac Solitaire — 1989 Cadillac Aurora — 1990 Cadillac Evoq — 1999 Cadillac Vizon — 2000 Cadillac Imaj — 2001 Cadillac Cien — 2002 Cadillac Sixteen — 2003 Cadillac Provoq — 2008 Cadillac CTS Coupe — 2008 Cadillac Converj Concept (PHEV) — 2009 Cadillac World Thorium Fuel (WTF) — 2009  Cadillac Bicycles Cadillac, licensing its name to Kent Bicycles, created a Cadillac Bicycles unit in 2005. GM aided Kent in the designing and furnishing of the premium, $400 to $1900 line of bikes, attempting to keep in mind Cadillac's tradition of quality and luxury. Some dealerships offered the bicycles as part of the purchase of a Cadillac automobile, and GM employees may receive a discount on the bikes. The division hopes to appeal to consumers who are brand-conscious and introduce a younger demographic to Cadillac.  See also Cadillac Northstar engine Cadillac V8 engine Cadillac V-Series LaSalle, companion make to Cadillac, 1927–1940 List of automobile manufacturers  References ^ a b Cadillac spins new sales with branded bicycles - 07/26/05 ^ Timeline Biography at S9.com website ^ Granzo T History of Detroit ^ Bentley, John The Old Car Book, Fawcett Books (1952) p 12 ^ John O'Dell (1999-05-06). "Cadillac Apologizes to Lincoln for Inflating Sales Numbers". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1999/may/06/business/fi-34467. Retrieved on 2009-01-21. ^   External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Cadillac Cadillac.com - official site mycadillacstory.com - official video site of Cadillac Cadillac.GM.ca - official site of Cadillac in Canada CadillacEurope.com - official site of Cadillac in Europe Cadillac Australia - official site of Cadillac in Australia General Motors Now [show]v • d • e« previous — Cadillac, a division of General Motors, road car timeline, 1980s–present Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Entry-Level Cimarron BLS Mid-size Catera CTS CTS Seville Seville Seville Seville STS Full-size DeVille DeVille DeVille DeVille DTS Fleetwood Fleetwood Fleetwood Fleetwood Brougham Personal luxury Eldorado Eldorado Eldorado Crossover SRX SUV Escalade Escalade Escalade Roadster Allanté XLR [show]v • d • eAutomotive brands of General Motors and those of its affiliates and former affiliates Buick · Cadillac · Chevrolet · GMC · GMC Medium Duty Trucks · Holden · Hummer · Opel · Pontiac · Saab · Saturn · Vauxhall Affiliates CAMI Automotive (50%) · Global Hybrid Cooperation · GM-AvtoVAZ · GM Daewoo (50.9%) · New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc. (NUMMI) · Shanghai GM (50%) · Wuling (34%) · Former affiliates Fiat (2000–2005; up to 20%) · Isuzu (circa 1971–2006; up to 49%) · Subaru (circa 1999-2006; 20%) · Suzuki (1980s-2008; up to 15%) · United Australian Automobile Industries (UAAI; 1989–1996) Defunct brands Acadian (1962–1971) · Asüna (1992–1995) · Beaumont (1966–1969) · Bedford Vehicles (1930–1986) · Geo (1989–1997) · LaSalle (1927–1940) · Marquette (1929–1930) · McLaughlin automobile · Oakland (1907–1931) · Oldsmobile (1897–2004) · Passport (1988–1991) · Ranger (1968–1976) · Scripps-Booth (1913–1923) · Statesman (1971–1984) · Viking (1929–1931) · Yellow Coach (1925–1943) [show]v • d • eGeneral Motors GM Lists GM platforms • GM engines • GM VIN codes • GM vehicles by brand Divisions/Operating Groups/Joint Ventures Coskata, Inc. · Ditech · DMAX (engines) (50%) · GM Europe · GM Performance Division · GM Powertrain Europe · General Motors Canada · General Motors do Brasil · General Motors India · General Motors Research Laboratories · General Motors South Africa · GM Goodwrench · GM Service and Parts Operations · GMAC (49%) · GMAC Real Estate · GMAC-RFC · Holden · Holden New Zealand · Holden Special Vehicles · Hughes Research Laboratories · Hummer · Isuzu Motors Polska · Nuvell Financial Services · OnStar · Opel · Opel Performance Center · Saturn Corporation Defunct/Former Divisions Allison Engine Company (1929-1995) · Allison Transmission (1929-2007) · Atlantic Aircraft · Dayton-Wright Company (1919-1923) · Delco Electronics · Delphi Automotive Systems · Detroit Diesel (1938-1988) · DirecTV (1994-2003) · Electro-Motive Diesel (1930-2004) · Electronic Data Systems (1984-1996) · Euclid Trucks (1953-1968) · Fisher Body · Fleetwood Metal Body · Frigidaire (1919-1980) · Fuji Heavy Industries (20%) (-2005) · General Motors Diesel Division (1938–1987) · General Motors Diesel (1949–1969) · Ghandhara Industries (-1963) · GM Defense (1950–2003) · GM Truck & Coach Group · GMC Heavy Trucks · Hughes Aircraft (1985-1997) · Hughes Electronics (1985-1997) · Hughes Network Systems (1987-2003) · HughesNet (DirecWay/DirecPC) (1996-2003) · Kettering University · National City Bus Lines · New Venture Gear 36% (1990-2002) · North American Aviation (1933-1948) · PanAmSat (1995-2003) · Remy Electric (1918-1994) · Rochester Products Division · Terex · Terminal Taxi Cab · Winton Motor Carriage Company · Yellow Coach (1925-1943) Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cadillac" Categories: Motor vehicle companies | Car manufacturers | Cadillac | Motor vehicle manufacturers of the United States | General Motors | Motor vehicle manufacturers based in Michigan | Companies based in Detroit, Michigan | General Motors marques
227's YouTube "Chili" - STOMP THE YARD (BLACK COLLEGE STEP SHOW MOVIE) Starring Columbus Short, Meagan Good, Ne-Yo, Darrin Henson, Chris Brown, Brian White, Las Alonso, Valerie Pettiford & Harry Lennix (NBA Mix)!
Beyonce * Maxwell * Mario ft. Gucci Mane & sean Garrett * Drake ft. Lil Wayne * Ginuwine * Fabolous Featuring The-Dream * Keyshia Cole Duet With Monica * Jay-Z, Rihanna & Kanye West * Gucci Mane Featuring Plies * Mary Mary Featuring Kierra "KiKi" Sheard * Ice Cream Paint Job * Pleasure P * Mariah Carey * Trey Songz * Trey Songz Featuring Gucci Mane & Soulja Boy Tell'em * R. Kelly Featuring Keri Hilson * K'Jon * Young Money * Twista Featuring Erika Shevon * Yo Gotti * New Boyz * Jeremih * Keri Hilson Featuring Kanye West & Ne-Yo * Musiq Soulchild * Whitney Houston * Anthony Hamilton * Charlie Wilson * Chrisette Michele * Jamie Foxx Featuring T-Pain * Plies * LeToya Featuring Ludacris * Mary J. Blige Featuring Drake * Mullage * Charlie Wilson * Jamie Foxx Featuring Drake, Kanye West + The-Dream * Jamie Foxx Featuring Drake, Kanye West + The-Dream * Jeremih * Mishon * Jennifer Hudson * Clipse Featuring Pharrell Williams * Kid Cudi Featuring Kanye West & Common * Raphael Saadiq Featuring Stevie Wonder & CJ * Anthony Hamilton Featuring David Banner * Jazmine Sullivan * Trey Songz Featuring Drake * F.L.Y. (Fast Life Yungstaz) * Laura Izibor
Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Chili")!
Beyonce * Shakira * Jordin Sparks * Mariah Carey * New Boyz * Jason DeRulo * Mario ft. Gucci Mane & Sean Garrett * Katy Perry * The Black Eyed Peas * Colby Caillat * Fabolous ft. The Dream * Jason Aldean * Daughtry * Lady Gaga * Michael Franti & Spearhead Featuring Cherine Anderson * Boys Like Girls * Flo Rida Featuring Ne-Yo * Dorrough * Green Day * Linkin Park * Pink * Justin Bieber * Rob Thomas * Maxwell * Jason Mraz * Young Money * The Fray * Rascal Flatts * Zac Brown Band * Shinedown * Disney's Friends For Change * Toby Keith * Darius Rucker * Cascada * Billy Currington * Justin Moore * Kid Cudi Featuring Kanye West & Common * Keith Urban * Randy Houser * Drake Featuring Lil Wayne * Jeremih * Pearl Jam * Kelly Clarkson * George Strait * LMFAO * Twista Featuring Erika Shevon * Uncle Kracker * Eric Church * Jack Ingram * Love And Theft * Parachute * Chris Young * Theory Of A Deadman * Tim McGraw * Sean Paul * Gloriana * Creed * Ginuwine * Keyshia Cole Duet With Monica * Blake Shelton * Iyaz
2009 NCAA Basketball Tournament! List of NCAA Division 1 Teams & Coaches at 227!
America East Conference Albany - Will Brown Binghamton - Kevin Broadus Boston University - Dennis Wolff Hartford - Dan Leibovitz Maine - Ted Woodward New Hampshire - Bill Herrion Stony Brook - Steve Pikiell UMBC - Randy Monroe Vermont - Mike Lonergan 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! America East Conference
Atlantic 10 Conference Charlotte - Bobby Lutz Dayton - Brian Gregory Duquesne - Ron Everhart Fordham - Dereck Whittenburg George Washington - Karl Hobbs La Salle - John Giannini Rhode Island - Jim Baron Richmond - Chris Mooney St. Bonaventure - Mark Schmidt Saint Joseph's - Phil Martelli Saint Louis - Rick Majerus Temple - Fran Dunphy UMass - Derek Kellogg Xavier - Sean Miller 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic 10 Conference
Atlantic Coast Conference Boston College - Al Skinner Clemson - Oliver Purnell Duke - Mike Krzyzewski Florida State - Leonard Hamilton Georgia Tech - Paul Hewitt Maryland - Gary Williams Miami (Florida) - Frank Haith North Carolina - Roy Williams North Carolina State - Sidney Lowe Virginia - Dave Leitao Virginia Tech - Seth Greenberg Wake Forest - Dino Gaudio 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic Coast Conference
Atlantic Sun Conference Belmont - Rick Byrd Campbell - Robbie Laing East Tennessee State - Murry Bartow Florida Gulf Coast - Dave Balza Jacksonville - Cliff Warren Kennesaw State - Tony Ingle Lipscomb - Scott Sanderson Mercer - Bob Hoffman North Florida - Matt Kilcullen Stetson - Derek Waugh USC Upstate - Eddie Payne 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic Sun Conference
Big 12 Conference Baylor - Scott Drew Colorado - Jeff Bzdelik Iowa State - Greg McDermott Kansas - Bill Self Kansas State - Frank Martin Missouri - Mike Anderson Nebraska - Doc Sadler Oklahoma - Jeff Capel III Oklahoma State - Travis Ford Texas - Rick Barnes Texas A&M - Mark Turgeon Texas Tech - Pat Knight 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big 12 Conference
Big East Conference Cincinnati - Mick Cronin Connecticut - Jim Calhoun DePaul - Jerry Wainwright Georgetown - John Thompson III Louisville - Rick Pitino Marquette - Buzz Williams Notre Dame - Mike Brey Pittsburgh - Jamie Dixon Providence - Keno Davis Rutgers - Fred Hill St. John's - Norm Roberts Seton Hall - Bobby Gonzalez South Florida - Stan Heath Syracuse - Jim Boeheim Villanova - Jay Wright West Virginia - Bobby Huggins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big East Conference
Big Sky Conference Eastern Washington - Kirk Earlywine Idaho State - Joe O'Brien Montana - Wayne Tinkle Montana State - Brad Huse Northern Arizona - Mike Adras Northern Colorado - Tad Boyle Portland State - Ken Bone Sacramento State - Brian Katz Weber State - Randy Rahe 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big Sky Conference
Big South Conference Charleston Southern - Barclay Radebaugh Coastal Carolina - Cliff Ellis Gardner-Webb - Rick Scruggs High Point - Bart Lundy Liberty - Ritchie McKay Presbyterian - Gregg Nibert Radford - Brad Greenberg UNC-Asheville - Eddie Biedenbach VMI - Duggar Baucom Winthrop - Randy Peele 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big South Conference
Big Ten Conference Illinois - Bruce Weber Indiana - Tom Crean Iowa - Todd Lickliter Michigan - John Beilein Michigan State - Tom Izzo Minnesota - Tubby Smith Northwestern - Bill Carmody Ohio State - Thad Matta Penn State - Ed DeChellis Purdue - Matt Painter Wisconsin - Bo Ryan 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big Ten Conference
Big West Conference Cal Poly - Kevin Bromley Cal State Fullerton - Bob Burton Cal State Northridge - Bobby Braswell Long Beach State - Dan Monson Pacific - Bob Thomason UC Davis - Gary Stewart UC Irvine - Pat Douglass UC Riverside - Jim Wooldridge UC Santa Barbara - Bob Williams 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big West Conference
Colonial Athletic Association Delaware - Monte Ross Drexel - Bruiser Flint George Mason - Jim Larranaga Georgia State - Rod Barnes Hofstra - Tom Pecora James Madison - Matt Brady Northeastern - Bill Coen Old Dominion - Blaine Taylor Towson - Pat Kennedy UNC-Wilmington - Benny Moss Virginia Commonwealth - Anthony Grant William & Mary - Tony Shaver 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Colonial Athletic Association
Conference USA East Carolina - Mack McCarthy Houston - Tom Penders Marshall - Donnie Jones Memphis - John Calipari Rice - Ben Braun Southern Methodist - Matt Doherty Southern Mississippi - Larry Eustachy Tulane - Dave Dickerson Tulsa - Doug Wojcik UAB - Mike Davis UCF - Kirk Speraw UTEP - Tony Barbee 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Conference USA
Horizon League - Butler - Brad Stevens Cleveland State - Gary Waters Detroit - Ray McCallum Loyola (Chicago) - Jim Whitesell UIC - Jimmy Collins UW-Green Bay - Tod Kowalczyk UW-Milwaukee - Rob Jeter Valparaiso - Homer Drew Wright State - Brad Brownell Youngstown State - Jerry Slocum 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Horizon League
Independents Bryant - Tim O'Shea Cal State Bakersfield - Keith Brown Chicago State - Benjy Taylor Houston Baptist - Ron Cottrell Longwood - Mike Gillian New Jersey Institute of Technology - Jim Engles North Carolina Central - Henry Dickerson Savannah State - Horace Broadnax SIU-Edwardsville - Lennox Forrester Texas-Pan American - Tom Schuberth Utah Valley - Dick Hunsaker 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! NCAA Division I independent schools (basketball)
Ivy League Brown - Jesse Agel Columbia - Joe Jones Cornell - Steve Donahue Dartmouth - Terry Dunn Harvard - Tommy Amaker Penn - Glen Miller Princeton - Sydney Johnson Yale - James Jones 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Ivy League
Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference Canisius - Tom Parrotta Fairfield - Ed Cooley Iona - Kevin Willard Loyola (Maryland) - Jimmy Patsos Manhattan - Barry Rohrssen Marist - Chuck Martin Niagara - Joe Mihalich Rider - Tommy Dempsey St. Peter's - John Dunne Siena - Fran McCaffery 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-American Conference
Mid-American Conference Akron – Keith Dambrot Ball State – Billy Taylor Bowling Green – Louis Orr Buffalo – Reggie Witherspoon Central Michigan – Ernie Ziegler Eastern Michigan – Charles Ramsey Kent State – Geno Ford Miami – Charlie Coles Northern Illinois – Ricardo Patton Ohio – John Groce Toledo – Gene Cross Western Michigan – Steve Hawkins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-American Conference
Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference Bethune-Cookman - Clifford Reed Coppin State - Ron Mitchell Delaware State - Greg Jackson Florida A&M - Mike Gillespie Hampton - Kevin Nickelberry Howard - Gil Jackson Maryland-Eastern Shore - Meredith Smith Morgan State - Todd Bozeman Norfolk State - Anthony Evans North Carolina A&T - Jerry Eaves South Carolina State - Tim Carter Winston-Salem State - Bobby Collins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference
Missouri Valley Conference Bradley - Jim Les Creighton - Dana Altman Drake - Mark Phelps Evansville - Marty Simmons Illinois State - Tim Jankovich Indiana State - Kevin McKenna Missouri State - Cuonzo Martin Northern Iowa - Ben Jacobson Southern Illinois - Chris Lowery Wichita State - Gregg Marshall 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Missouri Valley Conference
Mountain West Conference Air Force - Jeff Reynolds Brigham Young - Dave Rose Colorado State - Tim Miles New Mexico - Steve Alford San Diego State - Steve Fisher Texas Christian - Neil Dougherty UNLV - Lon Kruger Utah - Jim Boylen Wyoming - Heath Schroyer 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mountain West Conference
Northeast Conference Central Connecticut State - Howie Dickenman Fairleigh Dickinson - Tom Green LIU-Brooklyn - Jim Ferry Monmouth - Dave Calloway Mount St. Mary's - Milan Brown Quinnipiac - Tom Moore Robert Morris - Mike Rice Jr. Sacred Heart - Dave Bike St. Francis (PA) - Don Friday St. Francis (NY) - Brian Nash Wagner - Mike Deane 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Northeast Conference
Ohio Valley Conference Austin Peay - Dave Loos Eastern Illinois - Mike Miller Eastern Kentucky - Jeff Neubauer Jacksonville State - James Green Morehead State - Donnie Tyndall Murray State - Billy Kennedy Southeast Missouri - Zac Roman Tennessee-Martin - Bret Campbell Tennessee State - Cy Alexander Tennessee Tech - Mike Sutton 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Ohio Valley Conference
Pacific-10 Conference Arizona - Russ Pennell Arizona State - Herb Sendek California - Mike Montgomery Oregon - Ernie Kent Oregon State - Craig Robinson Stanford - Johnny Dawkins UCLA - Ben Howland USC - Tim Floyd Washington - Lorenzo Romar Washington State - Tony Bennett 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Pacific-10 Conference
Patriot League American - Jeff Jones Army - Jim Crews Bucknell - Dave Paulsen Colgate - Emmett Davis Holy Cross - Ralph Willard Lafayette - Fran O'Hanlon Lehigh - Brett Reed Navy - Billy Lange 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Patriot League
Southeastern Conference Alabama - Philip Pearson Arkansas - John Pelphrey Auburn - Jeff Lebo Florida - Billy Donovan Georgia - Pete Herrmann Kentucky - Billy Gillispie LSU - Trent Johnson Mississippi - Andy Kennedy Mississippi State - Rick Stansbury South Carolina - Darrin Horn Tennessee - Bruce Pearl Vanderbilt - Kevin Stallings 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southeastern Conference
Southern Conference Appalachian State - Houston Fancher Chattanooga - John Shulman The Citadel - Ed Conroy College of Charleston - Bobby Cremins Davidson - Bob McKillop Elon - Ernie Nestor Furman - Jeff Jackson Georgia Southern - Jeff Price Samford - Jimmy Tillette UNC-Greensboro - Mike Dement Western Carolina - Larry Hunter Wofford - Mike Young 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southern Conference
Southland Conference Central Arkansas - Rand Chappell Lamar - Steve Roccaforte McNeese State - Dave Simmons Nicholls State - J. P. Piper Northwestern State - Mike McConathy Sam Houston State - Bob Marlin Southeastern Louisiana - Jim Yarbrough Stephen F. Austin - Danny Kaspar Texas A&M-Corpus Christi - Perry Clark Texas-Arlington - Scott Cross Texas-San Antonio - Brooks Thompson Texas State - Doug Davalos 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southland Conference
Southwestern Athletic Conference Alabama A&M - L. Vann Pettaway Alabama State - Lewis Jackson Alcorn State - Samuel West Arkansas-Pine Bluff - George Ivory Grambling State - Larry Wright Jackson State - Tevester Anderson Mississippi Valley State - Sean Woods Prairie View A&M - Byron Rimm II Southern - Rob Spivery Texas Southern - Tony Harvey 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southwestern Athletic Conference
The Summit League Centenary - Greg Gary IPFW - Dane Fife IUPUI - Ron Hunter North Dakota State - Saul Phillips Oakland - Greg Kampe Oral Roberts - Scott Sutton South Dakota State - Scott Nagy Southern Utah - Roger Reid UMKC - Matt Brown Western Illinois - Derek Thomas 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! The Summit League
Sun Belt Conference Arkansas-Little Rock - Steve Shields Arkansas State - Dickey Nutt Denver - Joe Scott Florida Atlantic - Mike Jarvis Florida International - Sergio Rouco Louisiana-Lafayette - Robert Lee Louisiana-Monroe - Orlando Early Middle Tennessee - Kermit Davis New Orleans - Joe Pasternack North Texas - Johnny Jones South Alabama - Ronnie Arrow Troy - Don Maestri Western Kentucky - Ken McDonald 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Sun Belt Conference
West Coast Conference Gonzaga - Mark Few Loyola Marymount - Rodney Tention Pepperdine - Vance Walberg Portland - Eric Reveno Saint Mary's - Randy Bennett San Diego - Bill Grier San Francisco - Rex Walters Santa Clara - Kerry Keating 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! West Coast Conference
Western Athletic Conference Boise State - Greg Graham Fresno State - Steve Cleveland Hawai?i - Bob Nash Idaho - Don Verlin Louisiana Tech - Kerry Rupp Nevada - Mark Fox New Mexico State - Marvin Menzies San Jose State - George Nessman Utah State - Stew Morrill 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Western Athletic Conference
2Pac 50 Cent A Adam Tensta Akon Aaliyah Ashanti Andre 3000 B Bow Wow Bobby Valentino Beyonce Bone Thugs n Harmony Birdman (rapper) Busta Rhymes Bobby Fischer C Chris Brown Cherish Cassidy Chingy Chamillionaire Christina Milian Chrisette Michele Cashis Ciara Cypress Hill Calzone Mafia Cuban Link D Destiny's Child DJ Clue Demetri Montaque Danity Kane Day 26 Donnie D12 DJ Khaled Dr. Dre E E-40 Eminem Eazy-E F Fabolous Flo Rida Fat Joe Frankie J G G-Unit The Game H Hurricane Chris I Ice Cube J Jay-Z J.R. Rotem J Holiday Jordan Sparks K Kanye West Kelly Rowland keri hilson The Kreators L Lil' Kim Lil' Mo Lil Jon Lil Mama Lloyd Banks Lil Wayne Ludacris Lloyd Lil Mama Lil Eazy-E Leona lewis M MC Hammer Mike Shorey MF Doom Mariah Carey Mario Mary J. Blige N Ne-Yo Nate Dogg Niia N.W.A. Notorious B.I.G. Nas Nick Cannon Nelly Necro O Olivia Omarion Obie Trice Old Dirty Bastard P Public Enemy Plies P Diddy pink Pharcyde Q R Red Cafe Run DMC Ray J R Kelly Rihanna Rick Ross (rapper) S Sean Combs Sean Kingston Snoop Dogg Stargate Sean Garrett Suge Knight Soulja Boy Tell 'Em Stat Quo shakira T The Notorious B.I.G. Tupac Shakur Trina Tyrese T-Pain Three 6 Mafia T.I. Too Phat U Usher V V.I.C. W Warren G Wyclef Jean Wu Tang Clan will.i.am X Xzibit Y Young Jeezy Yung Berg Z
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Annie Lennox B'z Britney Spears Carlos Santana Dalida Earth, Wind & Fire Eddy Arnold Eminem Eurythmics Gloria Estefan Hibari Misora Journey Scorpions Van Halen Ace of Base Alan Jackson Country Alice Cooper Hard rock Andrea Bocelli Opera The Andrews Sisters Swing Ayumi Hamasaki Pop Black Sabbath Heavy metal Barbra Streisand Pop / Adult contemporary Beach Boys Rock Pop Bob Dylan Folk / Rock Bob Seger Rock Boston Arena rock Boyz II Men R&B Bruce Springsteen Rock Bryan Adams Def Leppard Destiny's Child R&B / Pop Dreams Come True Pop / Jazz Duran Duran Enya Ireland Four Tops George Strait Glay Iron Maiden Jay-Z Hip hop Jean Michel Jarre Jethro Tull Johnny Cash Kazuhiro Moriuchi Kiss Hard rock Kenny G Kylie Minogue Luis Miguel Linkin Park Meat Loaf Michael Bolton Mills Brothers Mötley Crüe Mr.Children Nat King Cole New Kids on the Block Nirvana 'N Sync Oasis Orhan Gencebay Pearl Jam Petula Clark Red Hot Chili Peppers The Police Ray Conniff Reba McEntire R.E.M. Richard Clayderman Ricky Martin Robbie Williams Roxette Sweden Shakira Colombia
The Seekers Australia Spice Girls Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers Tony Bennett T.Rex UB40 Vicente Fernandez Village People Willie Nelson
Jamaal Al-Din, a native of Grand Rapids, Michigan and former leading scorer of Olympic Basketball and LSU great, Ed Palubinskas brings to you Michigan State University's and the NBA's Earvin "Magic" Johnson at 227's YouTube "MAGIC!" provided by Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227-the everything basketball website, featuring YouTube Videos and Wikipedia information on the legendary Earvin "Magic" Johnson, The Magic Johnson Foundation, Magic Johnson Enterprises, and everything including the magical phrase..."MAGIC!" 227's YouTube "MAGIC!"
As we look to expand basketball marketing, camps and clinics nationally, our basketball affiliate programs are scheduled to begin in March of 2008. Our affiliates, exciting, take a look at this list: ebay, StubHub.com, Yahoo Affiliate Program!, TickCo Premium Seating, RazorGator Affiliate Program, SightSell, VistaPrint.com, Pokeorder and WeHaveSeats.com. Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 welcomes our affiliate partners for 2008. Among the items offered our NCAA & NBA basketball tickets both premium and discounted rates. Basketball shoes and apparel for kids, fans, players and coaches ranging from Air Jordans, LeBron James, NIKE, Adidas, AND1, hats, collectibles and memoralbilia! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- The everything basketball website!
?227's YouTube "Chili" features these exciting YouTube music and entertainment celebrities...click onto to these 227 YouTube "Chili" links, channels and articles for the most watched YouTube hip-hop music videos in the world!
Sean Kingston, Justin Timberlake, M.I.A'"Paper Planes!" , Timbaland, 50 Cent, P-Diddy, Kanye West. Rihanna, Chris Brown, T.I.-"Big Things Poppin!" , Rihanna- Hate That I Love You (over 29 million views on YouTube)!, Leona Lewis, Soulja Boy, Britney Spears, Alicia Keys, Avril Lavigne, Alicia Keys- No One, Akon, NE-YO, LL Cool J, Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, Dmx, Jay-z, The Notorious B.I.G, 2PAC, Will Smith, Jonas Brothers, Pink "So What!" , Jordin Sparks feta. Chris Brown- "No Air" Official Music Video-over 33 million views on YouTube!), Lil Jon- get low music movie, Ludacris, Ice Cube, Flo Rida feat. T.Pain Music from the Movie Step Up 2 "Low," Chris Brown*Chris Brown feat. T.Pain- Kiss Kiss (over 51 million views on YouTube)!, Chris Brown-"With You," Chris Brown feat. Lil' Wayne (over 56 million views on YouTube!, Chris Brown "YO," Chris Brown-Run It, Chris Brown- Forever, Wu Tang Clan, The Fugees, Jordin Sparks-Tattoo, Rhianna- Cry, Rihanna- unfaithful, Rhianna- Umbrella (over 43 million views on YouTube/You Tube)!, Ashanti, Fergie Fergalicious, Fergie- Clumsy!, Rhianna- Dont' Stop The Music (over 62 million views on YouTube), Avril Lavign- Girlfriend (over 92 million views on YouTube)!, Clay Aiken, Akon, Christina Aguilera-Hurt, Clay Aiken-On My Way Here, All-American Rejects, All-American Rejects-Move Along, All-American Rejects-It Ends Tonight, Ashley Parker Angel, Michael Jackson ("Thriller"), Backstreet Boys, Augustana, Natasha Bedingfeild, Michael Jackson, Natasha Bedingfield feat. Sean Kingston-Love Like This, Natasha Bedingfield-Pocketful of Sunshine and lots more at 227's YouTube Chili!!! Your source for the world's most watched YouTube Music Videos at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!
Also: Jesse McCartney, Ray J,Usher,Elliott Yamin,Jonas Brothers,Fergie,Taylor Swift, Nelly Furtado, Jennifer Lopez, Flyleaf,Maroon 5,Kanye West,Keyshia Cole, The Pussycat Dolls,Colby O'Donis,Ashanti,R. Kelly,Girlicious, Colbi Calliat, Boy George,Mario,Three Days Grace,Beyonce', Gorillaz,Carrie Underwood,3 Doors Down,Finger Eleven, Ginuwine,Baby Bash,Kid Rock,Joe, Gwen Steffani, Billy Ray Cyrus, Danity Kane, Janel Parrish, Ciara, NLT, Fall Out Boy, Josh Turner, Fantasia and more!