Milwaukee, Wisconsin From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Milwaukee" redirects here. For other uses, see Milwaukee (disambiguation). City of Milwaukee/
Milwaukee seen from Lake Michigan. Flag Seal Nickname(s): Cream City, Brew City, Mil Town, The Mil, The City of Festivals, "The Ill Mil," Deutsch-Athen (German Athens) Location of Milwaukee in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin Coordinates: 43°03′8″N 87°57′21″W / 43.05222, -87.95583 Country United States State Wisconsin Counties Milwaukee, Washington, Waukesha Government - Mayor Tom Barrett (D) Area - City 97 sq mi (251.0 km²) - Land 96 sq mi (248.8 km²) - Water 1 sq mi (2.2 km²) Elevation 617 ft (188 m) Population (2006) - City 602,782 - Density 6,214.7/sq mi (2,399.5/km²) - Metro 1,964,744 Time zone CST (UTC-6) - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5) Area code(s) 414 FIPS code 55-53000 GNIS feature ID 1577901 Website: www.city.milwaukee.gov Milwaukee is the largest city in Wisconsin and 22nd largest (by population) in the United States. It is the county seat of Milwaukee County and is located on the southwestern shore of Lake Michigan. As of a revised 2006 U.S. Census estimate, Milwaukee had a population of 602,782. The coastal city is the main cultural and economic center of the Milwaukee–Racine–Waukesha Metropolitan Area with a population of 1,773,519. The first Europeans to pass through the area were French missionaries and fur traders. In 1818, the French-Canadian explorer Solomon Juneau settled in the area, and in 1846 Juneau's town combined with two neighboring towns to incorporate as the City of Milwaukee.
 Large numbers of German and other immigrants helped increase the city's population during the 1840s and the following decades. Once known almost exclusively as a brewing and manufacturing powerhouse, Milwaukee has taken steps in recent years to reshape its image. In the past decade, major new additions to the city have included the Milwaukee Riverwalk, the Midwest Airlines Center, Miller Park, an internationally renowned addition to the Milwaukee Art Museum, and Pier Wisconsin, as well as major renovations to the Milwaukee Auditorium and Milwaukee Theatre. In addition, many new skyscrapers, condos, lofts, and apartments have been constructed in neighborhoods on and near the lakefront and riverbanks.
Contents 1 History 2 Geography 2.1 Climate 2.2 Cityscape 3 Demographics 3.1 Population 3.2 Race and ethnicity 3.3 Religion 4 Education 4.1 Higher education 4.2 Primary and secondary schooling 5 Government and politics 6 Economy 6.1 Brewing 6.2 Manufacturing 6.3 Healthcare 7 Crime 8 Culture 8.1 Museums 8.2 Performing arts 8.3 Festivals 8.4 Music 8.5 Municipal wireless 8.6 Recreation 9 Sports 10 Transportation 11 Media 12 Sister cities 12.1 Cooperation 13 In popular culture 14 See also 15 References 16 External links History Main article: History of Milwaukee, Wisconsin The Milwaukee area was originally inhabited by the Fox, Mascouten, Potawatomi, and Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) Native American tribes. French missionaries and traders first passed through the area in the late 17th and 18th centuries. The word "Milwaukee" comes from an Algonquian word Millioke which means "Good/Beautiful/Pleasant Land", Potawatomi language minwaking, or Ojibwe language ominowakiing, "Gathering place [by the water]". Early explorers called the Milwaukee River and surrounding lands various names: Melleorki, Milwacky, Mahn-a-waukie, Milwarck, and Milwaucki. For many years, printed records gave the name as "Milwaukie". One story of Milwaukee's name says, "[O]ne day during the thirties of the last century [1800s] a newspaper calmly changed the name to Milwaukee, and Milwaukee it has remained until this day." The spelling "Milwaukie" lives on in Milwaukie, Oregon, named after the Wisconsin city in 1847, before the current spelling was universally accepted. Milwaukee has three "founding fathers," of whom French Canadian Solomon Juneau was first to come to the area, in 1818. The Juneaus founded the town called Juneau's Side, or Juneautown, that began attracting more settlers.
However, Byron Kilbourn was Juneau's equivalent on the west side of the Milwaukee River. In competition with Juneau, he established Kilbourntown west of the Milwaukee River, and made sure the streets running toward the river did not join with those on the east side. This accounts for the large number of angled bridges that still exist in Milwaukee today. Further, Kilbourn distributed maps of the area which only showed Kilbourntown, implying Juneautown did not exist or that the east side of the river was uninhabited and thus undesirable. The third prominent builder was George H. Walker. He claimed land to the south of the Milwaukee River, along with Juneautown, where he built a log house in 1834. This area grew and became known as Walker's Point. Panorama map of Milwaukee, with a view of the City Hall tower, ca. 1898By the 1840s, the three towns had grown quite a bit, along with their rivalries. There were some intense battles between the towns, mainly Juneautown and Kilbourntown, which culminated with the Milwaukee Bridge War of 1845. Following the Bridge War, it was decided the best course of action was to officially unite the towns. So on January 31, 1846 they combined to incorporate as the City of Milwaukee and elected L. Solomon Juneau as Milwaukee's first mayor. A great number of German immigrants had helped increase the city's population during the 1840s, who continued to migrate to the area during the following decades. Milwaukee has even been called "Deutsches Athen" (German Athens), and into the twentieth century, there were more German speakers and German-language newspapers than there were English speakers and English-language newspapers in the city. (To this day, the Greater Milwaukee phonebook includes more than 40 pages of Schmitts or Schmidts, far more than the pages of Smiths.)
During the middle and late 19th century, Wisconsin and the Milwaukee area became the final destination of many German immigrants fleeing the Revolution of 1848 in the various small German states and Austria. In Wisconsin, they found the inexpensive land and the freedoms they sought. The German heritage and influence in the Milwaukee area is widespread. In addition to Germans, Milwaukee received large influxes of immigrants from Poland, Italy and Ireland, as well as many Jews from Central and Eastern Europe. By 1910, Milwaukee (along with New York City) shared the distinction of having the largest percentage of foreign-born residents in the United States. Milwaukee City HallEarly in the 20th century, Milwaukee was home to several pioneer brass era automobile makers, including Ogren (from 1919 to 1922) and LaFayette (from 1922 to about 1924). In March 1889, the independent village of Bay View had four days of protest and one day of rioting against its Chinese laundrymen. Sparking this city-wide disturbance were allegations of sexual misconduct between two Chinese and several underaged white females. The unease and tension in the wake of the riot was assuaged by the direct disciplining of the city's Chinese. In 1892, Whitefish Bay, South Milwaukee, and Wauwatosa each were incorporated. They were followed by Cudahy (1895), North Milwaukee (1897) and East Milwaukee, later known as Shorewood, in 1900. In the early 20th century West Allis (1902) and West Milwaukee (1906) were added, which completed the first generation of "inner-ring" suburbs. During the first half of the twentieth century,
Milwaukee was the hub of the socialist movement in the United States. Milwaukee elected three socialist mayors during this time: Emil Seidel (1910-1912), Daniel Hoan (1916-1940), and Frank Zeidler (1948-1960). It remains the only major city in the country to have done so. Often referred to as "Sewer Socialists," the Milwaukee socialists were characterized by their practical approach to government and labor. Also during this time, a small but burgeoning community of African Americans who emigrated from the south formed a community that would come to be known as Bronzeville. Industry was booming, and the African American influence grew in Milwaukee. In the 1920s Chicago gangster activity came north to Milwaukee during the prohibition era. Al Capone, noted Chicago mobster, owned a home in the Milwaukee suburb Brookfield, where moonshine was made. The house still stands on a street named after Capone. Milwaukee continued to grow tremendously until the late 1950s. With the large influx of immigrants, Milwaukee became one of the 15 largest cities in the nation, and by the mid-1960s, its population reached nearly 750,000. Starting in the late 1960s, however, Milwaukee, like many cities in the "rust belt," saw its population start to decline through various factors, including the loss of blue collar jobs and the phenomenon of "white flight." Nevertheless, in recent years the city has begun to make strides in improving its economy, neighborhoods, and image, resulting in the revitalization of neighborhoods such as the Historic Third Ward, the East Side, and more recently Walker's Point, Bay View, along with attracting new businesses to its downtown area. The city continues to make plans for increasing its future revitalization through various projects.
Largely through its efforts to preserve its history, in 2006 Milwaukee was named one of the "Dozen Distinctive Destinations" by the National Trust for Historic Preservation.. In 2007, the Census Bureau released revised population numbers for Milwaukee that showed the city gained population between 2000 and 2006. This marked the first period of positive population growth since the 1960s. Geography Milwaukee lies along the shores and bluffs of Lake Michigan at the confluence of three rivers: the Menomonee, the Kinnickinnic, and the Milwaukee. Smaller rivers, such as the Root River and Lincoln Creek also flow through the city. Milwaukee's terrain is sculpted by the glacier path and includes steep bluffs along the lakeshore that begin about one half mile north and four miles south of downtown. In addition, 30 miles west of Milwaukee is the Kettle Morraine and Lake Country that provides a hilly landscape combined with inland lakes. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 251.0 km² (96.9 square miles). 248.8 km² (96.1 square miles) of it is land, and 0.9 square miles (2.2 km²) of it is water. The total area is 0.88% water. Climate Main article: Climate of Milwaukee, Wisconsin Monthly normal and record high and low temperatures Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Rec High °F 63 68 82 91 94 104 105 103 99 89 77 68 86.25 Norm High °F 28 32.5 42.6 53.9 66 76.3 81.1 79.1 71.9 60.2 45.7 33.1 55.86 Norm Low °F 13.4 18.3 27.3 36.4 46.2 56.3 62.9 62.1 54.1 42.6 31 19.4 39.16 Rec Low °F -26 -26 -10 12 21 33 40 42 28 15 -14 -22 9.08 Precip (in) 1.85 1.65 2.59 3.78 3.06 3.56 3.58 4.03 3.3 2.49 2.7 2.22 34.81
Source: USTravelWeather.com Milwaukee's location in the Great Lakes Region means that it often has rapidly changing weather. The warmest month of the year is July, when the average high temperature is 82°F (28°C), with overnight low temperatures averaging 66°F (19°C); January is the coldest month, with high temperatures averaging 27°F (-3°C), with the overnight low temperatures around 13°F (-11°C). Of the 50 largest cities in the United States, Milwaukee has the second-coldest average annual temperature, next to that of Minneapolis. Milwaukee's proximity to Lake Michigan causes a convection current to form around mid-afternoon in light wind regimes, resulting in the so-called "lake breeze", a smaller scale version of the more common sea breeze. The lake breeze is most common between the months of March and June. This onshore flow causes temperatures to remain milder near the lake compared to inland locations. As the sun sets, the convection current reverses and an offshore flow ensues causing a land breeze. After a land breeze develops, warmer temperatures flow east toward the lakeshore, sometimes causing high temperatures to be reached during the late evening. The lake breeze is not a daily occurrence and will not form if southwest to northwest winds generally exceed 15 mph. The lake also acts to moderate cold air outbreaks along the lakeshore during winter months. Despite Lake Michigan, overnight lows in downtown Milwaukee are often much warmer than suburban locations because of the urban heat island effect. Also, more snow falls in Milwaukee than surrounding areas, because of periodic episodes of lake effect snow.
Onshore winds cause higher daytime relative humidity levels in Milwaukee as compared to other cities at the same latitude. Milwaukee's all-time record high temperature is 105°F (41°C) set on July 17, 1995. The coldest temperature ever experienced by the city was -26°F (-32°C) on both January 17, 1982 and February 4, 1996. The 1982 event, also known as Cold Sunday, featured temperatures as low as -40°F (-40°C) in some of the suburbs as little as 10 miles (16km) to the north of Milwaukee. In Milwaukee, the wettest month is August, because of frequent thunderstorms. These can at times be dangerous and damaging, bringing hail and high winds. In rare instances, it can bring a tornado to the more inland parts of the city. However, almost all summer rainfall in the city is brought by these storms. In spring and fall, longer events of prolonged, lighter rain bring most of the precipitation. Snow commonly falls in the city from early November until the middle of March, although it has been recorded as early as September 23, and as late as May 31. The city receives an average of 47.0 inches (119 cm) of snow in winter, but this number is highly variable. In 2000, 49.5 inches (126 cm) of snow fell solely in the month of December. Cityscape The city runs largely on the grid system, although in the far northwest and southwest corners of the city, the grid pattern gives way to a more suburban-style streetscape. North-south streets are numbered, and east-west streets are named. However north-south streets east of 1st street are named, like east-west streets.
The north-south numbering line is along the Menomonee River (east of Hawley Road) and Fairview Avenue/Golfview Parkway (west of Hawley Road), with the east-west numbering line defined along 1st Street (north of Oklahoma Avenue) and Chase/Howell Avenue (south of Oklahoma Avenue). This numbering system is also used to the north by Mequon in Ozaukee County, and by some Waukesha County communities. Milwaukee is crossed by Interstate 43 and Interstate 94, which come together downtown at the Marquette Interchange. Interstate 894 bypass runs through portions of the city's southwest side, and Interstate 794 comes out of the Marquette interchange eastbound, bends south along the lakefront and crosses the harbor over the Hoan Bridge, then ends near the Bay View neighborhood and becomes the "Lake Parkway" (WIS-794). Demographics Historical populations Census Pop. %± 1850 20,061 — 1860 45,246 125.5% 1870 71,440 57.9% 1880 115,587 61.8% 1890 204,468 76.9% 1900 285,315 39.5% 1910 373,857 31% 1920 457,147 22.3% 1930 578,249 26.5% 1940 587,472 1.6% 1950 637,392 8.5% 1960 741,324 16.3% 1970 717,099 −3.3% 1980 636,212 −11.3% 1990 628,088 −1.3% 2000 596,974 −5% Est. 2006 602,782  1% Source: U.S. Census Population As of the census estimate of 2006, there are 602,782 people residing in Milwaukee . As of 2000, there were 232,188 households, and 135,133 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,399.5/km² (6,214.3 per square mile). There are 249,225 housing units at an average density of 1,001.7/km² (2,594.4 per square mile). There are 232,188 households, of which 30.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% are married couples living together, 21.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% are non-families. 33.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older.
The average household size is 2.50 and the average family size is 3.25. According to the 2000 Census, there were at least 1,408 same-sex households in Milwaukee which accounts for 0.6% of all households in the city. Although this number is slightly lower than other cities in the region such as Chicago and Minneapolis, Milwaukee continues to be noted for its generally accepting attitudes towards the LGBT community. As a result, many gay-friendly communities have developed in neighborhoods such as Walker's Point, Bay View, Historic Third Ward and Riverwest. Milwaukee and later Wisconsin became the first in the nation to not discriminate against sexual orientation. In 2001, Milwaukee was named the #1 city for lesbians by Girlfriends magazine. In the city the population is spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 12.2% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 31 years. For every 100 females there are 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.2 males. The median income for a household in the city is $32,216, and the median income for a family is $37,879. Males have a median income of $32,244 versus $26,013 for females. The per capita income for the city is $16,181. 21.3% of the population and 17.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 31.6% of those under the age of 18 and 11.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. At 43% in 2007, Milwaukee has the second highest black male unemployment rate in the country behind Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
 Race in Wisconsin and Milwaukee Race Milwaukee Wisconsin White 43.6% 91% Black 39.5% 6.48% Native American 0.8% 1.3% Asian 3.6% 2.21% Pacific Islander 0.05% 0.09% Other race 7.3% N/A Two or more races 2.1% N/A Hispanic 14.9% N/A Note: Hispanics may be of any race. Race and ethnicity According to the 2000 census, 39.5% of Milwaukeeans reported having African-American ancestry and 38% reported German ancestry. Other significant population groups include Polish (12.7%), Irish (10%), English (5.1%), Italian (4.4%), French (3.9%), with Hispanic origin totaling 14.9%. The metropolitan area was cited as being the most segregated in the U.S. in a Jet Magazine article in 2002.  The source of this information was a segregation index developed in the mid 1950s and used since 1964. In 2003, a more detailed study was conducted by researchers at University of Wisconsin Milwaukee which proved that while segregation does run deep in Milwaukee, as in most northern and midwest cities, it is not "hypersegregated" and actually ranks as the 43rd most integrated city in America.  Through continued dialogue between Milwaukee's citizens, the city is making an effort to reduce racial tensions and reduce the rate of segregation. With demographic changes in the wake of white flight, segregation in metropolitan Milwaukee is primarily in the suburbs rather than the city as in the era of Father Groppi. Religion St. Josaphat Basilica, in Milwaukee's Historic Mitchell Street DistrictMilwaukee is home to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Milwaukee, the Episcopal Diocese of Milwaukee, the Greater Milwaukee Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and the headquarters of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod.
The School Sisters of the Third Order of St Francis have their mother house in Milwaukee, and several other religious orders have a significant presence in the area, including the Jesuits and Franciscans. The Association of Religion Data Archives reported on the religious composition of the Milwaukee-Racine area as of 2000. Approximately 55% of residents were adherents to one of the 188 groups included in the data. Of them, 58% were Catholic, 23% Lutheran, 3% Methodist, and 2.5% Jewish. Others included adherents to other Protestant denominations, Orthodox churches, and Eastern religions. Historically African-American denominations were not included in the data. Elmbrook Church, an evangelical Christian megachurch, is located in the Milwaukee suburb of Brookfield, and is the largest church in Wisconsin. Also, the Muslim community has 5 mosques in the area with the biggest being located on S.13th street. Education Golda Meir Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee The John P. Raynor, S.J. Library at Marquette University  Higher education While not typically thought of as a "college town" Milwaukee has one of the highest per capita student populations in North America. A January 2000 study from McGill University ranked Milwaukee 6th in a list of U.S. and Canadian cities with the highest number of college students per 100 residents. The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee is the city's largest higher education institution and the only public university. It is the second largest university of Wisconsin and one of the two public doctoral research institutions of the state. The largest private university of the city is Marquette University, which is also one of the largest Jesuit universities in the United States and was ranked #82 by U.S. News & World Report in 2007.
 Milwaukee is home to Alverno College, Cardinal Stritch University, Milwaukee Area Technical College, Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design, Milwaukee School of Engineering, and Mount Mary College The campus of two other colleges, Medical College of Wisconsin and Wisconsin Lutheran College partially lie within the city's borders. Several other small national clerical and career colleges, such as Bryant and Stratton and ITT Technical Institute also maintain campuses in the area. Primary and secondary schooling Main article: Milwaukee Public Schools Milwaukee maintains Milwaukee Public Schools (MPS), the largest school district in Wisconsin and one of the largest in the nation. As of 2006, it has an enrollment of 97,762 students and employs 6,100 full-time and substitute teachers in 223 schools. Milwaukee Public Schools operate as magnet schools, with individualized specialty areas for interests in academics, or the arts. Washington High School, Riverside University High School, Rufus King High School, Golda Meir School, Milwaukee High School of the Arts and Lynde & Harry Bradley Technology and Trade School are just some examples of the magnet schools in Milwaukee. In addition to its public schools, Milwaukee is home to over two dozen private high schools, such as University School of Milwaukee, Milwaukee Lutheran High School, Dominican High School, Marquette University High School, Divine Savior Holy Angels High School, and Pius XI High School among others, and many private and parochial middle and elementary schools. Of persons in Milwaukee aged 25 and above, 84.5% have a high school diploma, and 27% have a Bachelor's degree or higher. (2000) Government and politics
Main article: Government of Milwaukee Milwaukee has three state Senate districts, each of which is composed of three Assembly districts. All 12 of the officials representing the city in the State Legislature are Democrats. Milwaukee makes up the overwhelming majority of Wisconsin's 4th congressional district. Because of the district's loyalty to the Democratic Party, the Democratic primary for the seat is often considered more important than the general election. The district is currently represented by Democrat Gwen Moore. The small portions of the city located in Washington and Waukesha counties are in the 5th district, represented by Republican Jim Sensenbrenner. However, a Republican has not represented a significant portion of the city since 1949. Milwaukee has a mayor-council form of government with a weak-mayor plan. The mayor oversees a Common Council of elected members, each representing one of 15 districts in the city. Milwaukee County residents also elect a county executive who oversees the County Board of Supervisors, representatives from 19 districts of which nine are entirely within the city's borders. Milwaukee has a history of re-electing its mayor over many terms; from Frank Zeidler to Tom Barrett, there have been a total of only four mayors in power over a total of sixty years. When Mayor Maier retired, he held the record for longest term of service for a city of Milwaukee's size. Economy Northwestern Mutual's home office in downtown MilwaukeeMilwaukee and its suburbs are the home to the headquarters of 13 Fortune 1000 companies, including Johnson Controls, Northwestern Mutual, Manpower Inc., Kohl's, Harley-Davidson, Rockwell Automation, Fiserv, Marshall & Ilsley Corp., Wisconsin Energy, Briggs & Stratton, Joy Global, A.O. Smith,, GE Healthcare Diagnostic Imaging and Clinical Systems and MGIC Investments. The Milwaukee metropolitan area ranks fifth in the United States in terms of the number of Fortune 500 company headquarters as a share of the population.
Brookfield is the leading commercial suburb of Milwaukee. Milwaukee also has a large number of financial service firms, particularly those specializing in mutual funds and transaction processing systems, and a number of publishing and printing companies. The Milwaukee area is also the headquarters of Midwest Airlines, the Koss Corporation, Trek, Harken, and Master Lock. Service and managerial jobs are the fastest-growing segments of the Milwaukee economy, and health care alone makes up 27% the jobs in the city. Twenty-two percent of Milwaukee's workforce is involved in manufacturing, second only to San Jose, California, and far higher than the national average of 16.5%. Milwaukee's economic and regional presence often includes the Chicago metropolitan area (commonly referred to as Chicagoland). The Chicago Tribune's Robert R. McCormick included Milwaukee in his definition of "Chicagoland." According to McCormick, Chicagoland area comprises everything in a 200-mile (320 km) radius of Chicago (which would then include other larger cities such as Milwaukee, Rockford and Indianapolis) and reported on many different places within the area as being "local news." Chicagoland has a population of over 9.7 million people in Illinois, Wisconsin and Indiana, making it also the third largest metropolitan area in the U.S. Brewing Milwaukee was once the home to four of the world's largest breweries (Schlitz, Blatz, Pabst, and Miller), and was the number one beer producing city in the world for many years. Despite the decline in its position as the world's leading beer producer after the loss of three of those breweries, its one remaining major brewery, Miller Brewing Company, remains a key employer by employing over 1,700 of the city's workers. Because of Miller's solid position as the second-largest beer-maker in the U.S., the city remains known as a beer town despite now only representing a fraction of its economy.
The historic Milwaukee Brewery, located in "Miller Valley" at 4000 West State Street, is the oldest still-functioning major brewery in the United States. In July 2008, it was announced that Coors beer would be added to the list of beers brewed in Miller Valley. This created additional brewery jobs in Milwaukee, as its world headquarters moved 100 miles south from Milwaukee to Chicago. Besides Miller and the heavily-automated Leinenkugel's brewery in the old Blatz 10th Street plant, the only other currently operating stand-alone brewery in Milwaukee is Lakefront Brewery, a microbrewery located in Riverwest. The suburb of Glendale is home to Sprecher Brewery, another locally popular microbrew. Various brewpubs can also be found throughout the Milwaukee area. Manufacturing Because of its easy access to Lake Michigan and other waterways, Milwaukee's Menomonee River Valley has historically been home to manufaturing, stockyards, rendering plants, shipping, and other heavy industry. Reshaping of the valley began with the railroads built by city co-founder Byron Kilbourn to bring product from Wisconsin's farm interior to the port. By 1862 Milwaukee was the largest shipper of wheat on the planet, and related industry developed. Grain elevators were built and, due to Milwaukee's dominant German immigrant population, breweries sprang up around the processing of barley and hops. A number of tanneries were constructed, of which the Pfister & Vogel tannery grew to become the largest in America. In 1843 George Burnham and his brother Jonathan opened a brickyard near 16th Street. When a durable and distinct cream-colored brick come out of the clay beds, other brickyards sprang up to take advantage of this resource. Because many of the city's buildings were built using this material it earned the nickname "Cream City," and conversely the brick was called Cream City brick. By 1881 the Burnham brickyard, which employed 200 men and peaked at 15 million bricks a year, was the largest in the world.
Flour mills, packing plants, breweries, railways and tanneries further industrialized the valley. With the marshlands drained and the Kinnickinnic and Milwaukee Rivers dredged, attention turned to the valley. In 1869 an initiative was undertaken to channelize the Menomonee River and build a series of ship canals, among which Holtons Canal, the South Menomonee Canal and Burnham Canal are still in use today. Along with the processing industries, bulk commodity storage and machining & manufacturing entered the scene. The valley was home to the Milwaukee Road, Falk Corporation, Cutler-Hammer, Harnischfeger, Chain Belt Company, Nordberg and other industry giants. Healthcare Milwaukee's Healthcare industry includes multiple health systems. The Milwaukee Area Medical District located between 8700 and 9200 West Wisconsin Avenue is located on the Milwaukee County grounds. This area includes the Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Froedtert Hospital, the Blood Center of Southeastern Wisconsin, the Ronald McDonald House, Curative Rehabilitation and the Medical College of Wisconsin. Children's Hospital of Wisconsin is recognized as one of the top pediatric hospitals in the country and ranked in the top 3 Children's Hospitals in the United States in 2006. Aurora Healthcare includes St. Luke's Medical Center, West Allis Memorial,and St. Luke's SouthShore. Wheaten Fransiscan Healthcare includes St. Joseph's Hospital, Elmbrook Memorial (Brookfield) and others located in the Milwaukee area. Columbia St. Mary's Hospital is located in Milwaukee's lakeshore and has established affiliations with Froedtert Hospital and the Medical College of Wisconsin. The Medical College of Wisconsin is the only medical school in Milwaukee and one of two in Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Madison is the second medical school in Wisconsin. Crime Violent crime in Milwaukee has declined substantially since the late 1990s: For several years, Milwaukee ranked among the ten most dangerous large cities in the United States,
 however in recent years, Milwaukee no longer appears even among the top 25 most dangerous cities. However, despite its improvement, Milwaukee still fares worse than average when comparing specific crime types to the national average (e.g., homicide, rape, robbery); only aggravated assaults occur less frequently in Milwaukee than the national average. Culture Museums The Milwaukee Art MuseumMilwaukee is home to a wide variety of museums: The Milwaukee Art Museum is perhaps Milwaukee's most visually prominent cultural attraction; especially its $100 million wing designed by Santiago Calatrava in his first American commission. The museum includes a "brise soleil," a moving sunscreen that unfolds like the wing of a bird. The Milwaukee Public Museum has been Milwaukee's primary natural history and human history museum for 125 years, with over 150,000 square feet of permanent exhibits. America's Black Holocaust Museum, founded by lynching survivor James Cameron, features exhibits which chronicle the injustices suffered throughout history by African Americans in the United States. Discovery World, a hands-on children's science museum. Villa Terrace Decorative Arts Museum Charles Allis Art Museum William F. Eisner Museum of Advertising & Design Mitchell Park Horticultural Conservatory Milwaukee County Zoo Haggerty Museum of Art Harley-Davidson Museum S/V Dennis Sullivan Schooner Ship located at Discovery World named after the Famous Great Lakes sailor, is first schooner to be built in Milwaukee in over 100 years, and teaches visitors about freshwater, the Great Lakes and Wiscosin's maritime history. Performing arts Milwaukee is home to the Florentine Opera, the Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra, the Festival City Symphony, the Milwaukee Ballet, Milwaukee Repertory Theatre, Milwaukee Shakespeare, Skylight Opera Theatre, First Stage Children's Theater, Milwaukee Youth Theatre, and a number of other arts organizations including the Pioneer Drum and Bugle Corps. Additionally, Milwaukee is home to artistic performance venues such as the Marcus Center for the Performing Arts, Pabst Theater, The Rave/Eagles Ballroom, Riverside Theater, and Milwaukee Theatre.
The Milwaukee Youth Arts Center, a first-of-its-kind Arts-in-education facility, is a national model. Famous actors that have called Milwaukee home include: Alfred Lunt, Spencer Tracy, Gene Wilder,Oprah Winfrey, and Deidre Hall. Famous Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra (MSO) conductors include: Principal Pops Conductor Marvin Hamlish (The Way We Were, and A Chorus Line) and Doc Severinsen band leader on The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson. Doc Severinsen retired from active conducting with MSO in 2007, and was named Pops Conductor Emeritus in Milwaukee. Festivals Henry Maier Festival Grounds during SummerfestMilwaukee, "A Great Place on a Great Lake" has also advertised itself as the "City of Festivals," The Milwaukee metropolitan area hosts the Wisconsin State Fair, as well as an annual lakefront fair called Summerfest. Listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest music festival in the world, Summerfest attracts around 1,000,000 visitors each year to its twelve stages. Milwaukee is also home to a variety of primarily ethnically themed festivals throughout the summer. Held generally on the lakefront Summerfest grounds, these festivals span several days (typically Friday plus the weekend) and celebrate Milwaukee's history and diversity. In 2008 Riversplash, which markets itself as 'the official opening of summer', kicks off festival season on the last weekend of May. Festivals for the LGBT (PrideFest) and Polish communities follow in June. Summerfest spans 11 days at the end of June and beginning of July. There are French (Bastille Day), Greek, Italian and German festivals in July. The Wisconsin State Fair, African, Arab, Irish, Mexican and American Indian festivals wrap it up from August through the first week of September.  Music Main article: Music of Milwaukee Milwaukee has a long history of musical activity. The first organized musical society, called "Milwaukee Beethoven Society" formed in 1843, three years before the city was incorporated.
This was later replaced with the Milwaukee Musical Society. The large concentrations of German immigrants contributed to the musical character of the city. Saengerbund festivals were held regularly. Also notable is the founding of the Wisconsin Conservatory of Music in 1899. More recently, Milwaukee has enjoyed a vibrant history of rock, hip hop, jazz, soul, blues, punk, ska, industrial music, electronica, world music, and pop music bands. Venues such as Pabst Theater, Marcus Center for Performing Arts, Marcus Amphitheater (Summerfest Grounds), Riverside Theater, The Northern Lights Theater, and The Rave frequently bring internationally-known and critically acclaimed acts to Milwaukee. 'Jazz in the Park', a weekly jazz show held at downtown Cathedral Square Park, has become a summer tradition. They are free, public performances with a kind of picnic environment for the audience.  The Milwaukee area is known for producing national talents such as Steve Miller (rock), Al Jarreau (jazz), Daryl Stuermer (rock), BoDeans (rock), the Violent Femmes (punk), Decibully(indie), and Absinthe. Municipal wireless Through its Milwaukee Wireless Initiative, the city has contracted with Midwest Fiber Networks to invest $20 million in setting up municipal wireless network city-wide. Under the plan, the city will designate numerous government and public service websites for free access, and city residents will be able to access unlimited content for a monthly fee. Full wireless coverage was expected by March 2008, but delays have been reported The city had previously established free wireless networks in two downtown city parks: Cathedral Square and Pere Marquette Park. Recreation
The Milwaukee County Parks offer facilities for sunbathing, picnics, grilling, disc golf and ice skating. Milwaukee County known for its well developed park system is home to over 140 parks with over 15,000 acres of parks and parkways that enhance the quality of life for residents in southeastern Wisconsin. Early Commissioners conceived of a park system that would form a "green belt" or series of scenic drives and parks encircling the county. Parks were located in outlying areas to allow for population expansion. Commissioners selected land not only for its natural beauty and interest, but also for its fitness for various forms of active and passive recreation. Sailing: The Milwaukee Community Sailing Center, The Milwaukee Yacht Club, The Southshore Yacht Club, Kenosha Yacht Club, Racine Yacht Club, and inland Pewaukee Yacht Club also offer social, educational and recreational sailing opportunities. The Queens Cup Sailing race departs fom Milwaukee to Michigan each summer. Golf: The U.S. Bank Championship in Milwaukee (formerly the Greater Milwaukee Open) is a PGA Tour event held at Brown Deer Park Golf Course in the bordering suburb of Brown Deer. Kohler's Whistling Straights is less than 60 minutes north of Milwaukee ad provides world-class golf. Zoo: Additional recreational resources include the Milwaukee County Zoo Gardens: The Boerner Botanical Gardens and Mitchell Park Domes provide additional recreational actvities. Outdoor Activities: The Kettle Morraine State Forest, located 35 miles west of Milwaukee, provide camping, mountain biking, horseback-riding and other recreational activities through the US National Park Service. Skiing: Olympia Village, Oconomowoc 35 miles west of Milwaukee Fishing: Lake Michigan and interior lakes including Oconomowoc, Pewaukee, Beaver, Okauchee, Nemobin (upper/lower, Nagawika provide various opportunities for sports fishing. Sports Main article: Sports in Milwaukee Miller Park, home of the Milwaukee BrewersMilwaukee has a rich history of involvement in professional and nonprofessional sports, going back to the 19th century.
Currently, its major sports teams include: Club Sport Founded Current League Stadium Milwaukee Brewers Baseball 1969 (moved to Milwaukee in 1970) National League (MLB) Miller Park Milwaukee Bucks Basketball 1968 National Basketball Association Bradley Center Milwaukee Admirals Hockey 1970 American Hockey League Bradley Center Milwaukee Wave Indoor soccer 1984 Major Indoor Soccer League U.S. Cellular Arena Milwaukee Iron Arena football 2009 af2 Bradley Center Milwaukee Bonecrushers Indoor football 2008 Continental Indoor Football League U.S. Cellular Arena Milwaukee is also the host city of The Point Premium Root Beer International Cycling Classic, presented by Time Warner Cable, which includes the men's and women's Superweek Pro Tour races, featuring top professional and elite amateur cyclists and teams from across the U.S. and more than 20 foreign countries. Transportation See also: General Mitchell International Airport and Milwaukee (Amtrak station) Two of Wisconsin's main Interstate highways intersect in Milwaukee. Interstate 94 comes north from Chicago to enter Milwaukee and continues west to Madison. Interstate 43 enters Milwaukee from the southwest and continues north to Green Bay. Milwaukee has two branch interstate highways, Interstate 894 and Interstate 794. I-894 extends from the western suburbs to the southern suburbs, bypassing downtown. I-794 extends east from the Marquette Interchange to Lake Michigan before turning south over the Hoan Bridge toward the airport, turning into Highway 794 along the way.
Milwaukee is also served by three US highways. U.S. Route 18 provides a link from downtown to points west. U.S. Route 41 and U.S. Route 45 both provide north-south freeway transportation on the western side of the city. Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, serves Milwaukee, operating its Empire Builder daily in both directions between Chicago Union Station and the Pacific Northwest from the Milwaukee Intermodal Station, which was remodeled in 2007 and now also houses the city's Greyhound operations and the traffic management headquarters for the Wisconsin Department of Transportation. The city is also served by the Hiawatha Amtrak express service six times daily between Milwaukee and Chicago, and also has a stop at a new rail station located just west of Mitchell Field which opened in 2005. The Milwaukee County Transit System provides a bus transit system. In addition, Milwaukee is home to two airports, General Mitchell International Airport on the southern edge of the city, and the smaller Timmerman Field on the north side.
A tram system known as the Milwaukee Connector was proposed and passed by the common council, but mayor Tom Barrett vetoed the bill over problems of cost and availability. Currently, a 0.5% sales tax is being proposed for the counties of Milwaukee, Racine and Kenosha by the Southeast Wisconsin Regional Transit Authority to fund a commuter rail from Kenosha to downtown Milwaukee. The tax would also be used to fund the bus systems in those counties which currently rely on property taxes . In recent years, Milwaukee has become one of the more bicycle friendly cities in the Untied States. The Bicycle Federation of Wisconsin holds an annual Bike to Work Week. The event, held in May each year, has frequently featured a commuter race between a car, a bus, and a bike; and also a morning ride into work with the mayor. In 2006, it obtained bronze-level status from the League of American Bicyclists , a rarity for a city its size .
The city currently has over 65 miles of bicycle lanes and trails, most of which run alongside or near its rivers and Lake Michigan. The city also has identified over 250 miles of streets on which bike lanes will fit. It has created a plan labeling 145 miles of those as high priority to receive bike lanes. As part of the city's Bicycle and Pedestrian Task Force's mission to "make Milwaukee more bicycle and pedestrian friendly", over 700 bike racks have been installed throughout the city. High speed ferry service is also available from the Port of Milwaukee to Muskegon, Michigan via the Lake Express high speed car ferry. Media Milwaukee's only surviving daily newspaper is the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel which was formed when the morning paper the Milwaukee Sentinel merged with the afternoon paper Milwaukee Journal. The most prominent alternative weekly is Shepherd Express, a free publication. Other local newspapers, city guides and magazines with large distributions include M Magazine, Milwaukee Magazine, Vital Source, and Riverwest Currents. OnMilwaukee.com is an online magazine providing news and events. The UWM Post is the independent, student-run weekly at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
The Onion, a weekly satirical publication, is distributed free in Milwaukee in addition to nine other U.S. cities. Milwaukee's major network television affiliates are WTMJ 4 (NBC), WITI 6 (Fox), WISN 12 (ABC), WVTV 18 (CW), WCGV 24 (MyNetworkTV), and WDJT 58 (CBS). Spanish language programming is on WBWT 38 (Azteca America) and WYTU-LP 63 (Telemundo). Milwaukee's public broadcasting stations are WMVS 10 and WMVT 36. According to the Milwaukee HDTV forums, It has been reported that one of the Big 4 (NBC, CBS, ABC, & FOX) local news operations may be transitioning their newscasts to high-definition (HD) in August of 2008. Other television stations in the Milwaukee market include WMKE 7 (America One), WVCY 30 (FN), WMLW 41 (Independent), WBME 49 (ME-TV), WWRS 52 (TBN), and WPXE 55 (ION) There are numerous radio stations throughout Milwaukee and the surrounding area. Journal Communications (a NYSE-traded corporation), in addition to owning the Journal Sentinel, also owns: WTMJ-TV; WTMJ and WKTI radio stations; and well over a dozen local weekly newspapers in the metropolitan area.
See also: List of Milwaukee area television stations List of Milwaukee area radio stations Sister cities The city of Milwaukee has four sister cities as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc (SCI) and Milwaukee's Sister Cities: Galway, Republic of Ireland Nuevitas, Camagüey, Cuba Schwerin, Germany Morogoro, Tanzania Tiberias, Israel Białystok, Poland Cooperation Ningbo, People's Republic of China Although this relationship is not recognized by SCI, officials from Milwaukee and Ningbo have signed an agreement to promote business and cultural ties between the two cities and their respective nations.
 In popular culture Milwaukee was depicted in popular American television shows in the 1970s and 1980s, including Happy Days and Laverne and Shirley. Milwaukee unveiled a life-sized, bronze statue of Fonzie from Happy Days along the downtown Riverwalk on August 19th, 2008. Milwaukee appeared in scenes in the films Blues Brothers, Major League and Mr. 3000. See also List of Milwaukee neighborhoods List of mayors of Milwaukee List of Milwaukeeans Flag of Milwaukee, Wisconsin Seal of Milwaukee, Wisconsin Third Coast References "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey (2007-10-25). Retrieved on 2008-01-31. Bill Glauber, "Census boosts count: Estimate for city's population up 30,000," Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, Nov. 6, 2007 The original July 1, 2006 U.S. Census Bureau data estimated Milwaukee to be the 25th largest city in America with a population of 573,358. "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2006" (PDF). The revised estimate indicates a growing city rather than one in decline as originally published by the U.S. Census Bureau. 2006 Estimates Challenges U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-03-22 List of the largest metropolitan areas in the Americas City of Milwaukee. "CITY OF MILWAUKEE INCORPORATED, PAGE 164, 1846; PAGE 314, 1851" (PDF). Office of the Secretary of State of Wisconsin.
Retrieved on 2007-04-08. Bruce, William George (1936). A Short History of Milwaukee. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: The Bruce Publishing Company, 15. LLCN 36010193. "Ojibwe Dictionary". Freelang. Retrieved on 2007-03-25. Bruce, William George (1936). A Short History of Milwaukee. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: The Bruce Publishing Company, 15–16. LLCN 36010193. "Picturing Milwaukee's Neighborhoods". University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (2004). Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.153. "Dozen Distinctive Destinations - Milwaukee". National Trust for Historic Preservation (2006). "Milwaukee Weather". U.S. Travel Weather. Retrieved on 2007-04-15. "Average Weather for Milwaukee, WI". Weather.com. Retrieved on 2006-11-07. "Top 50 Cities in the U.S. by Population and Rank". Infoplease. Retrieved on 2006-10-02. "Historical Weather for Milwaukee, Wisconsin". Weatherbase. Retrieved on 2006-10-02. United States Census Bureau.  Gibson, Campbell (June 1998). "Population of the 100 largest cities and other urban places in the United States: 1790 to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Toosi, Nahal (2001-08-22). "Census finds more same-sex households", Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved on 2006-11-24. Killian, Erin (June 2002). "Vital Statistics", Milwaukee Magazine. Retrieved on 2006-11-24. Milwaukee Community Journal, Inc. UWM report focuses on connection between race and joblessness in city. March 21, 2007. "Milwaukee is most segregated city: U.S. Census analysis". Jet magazine (December 16, 2002). [http:http://www.jsonline.com/story/index.aspx?id=109872 // Levine, Marc V. (Spring 2004). "Citizens and MMFHC
Respond to Milwaukee Journal Sentinel Article: Getting the Facts Right on Segregation in Milwaukee" (PDF). Fair Housing Keys. The Metropolitan Milwaukee Fair Housing Council. Pawasarat, John (January 2003). "Racial Integration in Urban America: A Block Level Analysis of African American and White Housing Patterns" (htm). University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Employment and Training Institute. Quinn, Lois M. (October 2004). "[http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/ETI/integration/QuinnCensus.pdf Assumptions and Limitations of the Census Bureau Methodology Ranking Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in Cities and Metro Areas]" (PDF). University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Employment and Training Institute. "Metro Area Membership Report: Milwaukee-Racine, WI CMSA". Association of Religion Data Archives (2002). Retrieved on 2006-11-24. "Quick Facts". MetroMilwaukee.org. Retrieved on 2006-11-21. USNews.com: America's Best Colleges 2008: Marquette University: At a glance "Metro Milwaukee Demographics". Metropolitan Milwaukee Association of Commerce. Retrieved on 2006-03-21. Emily's List website A.O. Smith locations Milwaukee's 10 largest employers "Connected to Wisconsin — its people and its economy" (PDF). Miller Brewing Company (February 2005). see e.g, Violent crime rankings, 2001 Milwaukee is ranked 7th among large cities Top 25 most dangerous cities, 2007 Milwaukee Crime Ratings Comparison of Milwaukee crime reports to the national averages Permanent Exhibitions. Milwaukee Public Museum Major Events Calender "Easttown: Jazz in the Park". "Milwaukee Wireless Initiative Needs More To Be Digitally Inclusive".
Retrieved on 2006-11-21. "Why Wi-Fi Networks Are Floundering". Retrieved on 2007-08-19. City of Milwaukee. "Bike Lanes and Bike Routes". Retrieved on 2008-03-22. City of Milwaukee. "Bicycle and Pedestrian Task Force". Retrieved on 2008-03-22. "Onion Media Kit 2006". Retrieved on 2008-03-22. "Sister Cities International". Retrieved on 2006-04-20. "Milwaukee's Sister Cities". Retrieved on 2007-09-04. JS Online: New statues are today's mane event Tom Daykin (January 25, 2008). "Happy day for 'The Fonz'". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved on 2008-03-22. External links Milwaukee travel guide from Wikitravel Find more about Milwaukee, Wisconsin on Wikipedia's sister projects: Dictionary definitions Textbooks Quotations Source texts Images and media News stories Learning resources City of Milwaukee website City of Milwaukee, Department of Public Works website VISIT Milwaukee website, from the Greater Milwaukee Convention & Visitors Bureau Metro Milwaukee Association of Commerce OnMilwaukee.Com Milwaukee's online daily magazine Milwaukee Genealogy and History Milwaukee, Wisconsin is at coordinates 43°03′N 87°57′W / 43.05, -87.95 (Milwaukee, Wisconsin)Coordinates: 43°03′N 87°57′W / 43.05, -87.95 (Milwaukee, Wisconsin)
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Milwaukee Metropolitan Area Central City Milwaukee Largest Municipalities (over 25,000 in 2000) Brookfield° · Franklin° · Greenfield° · Menomonee Falls‡ · New Berlin° · Oak Creek° · Racine° · Waukesha° · Wauwatosa° · West Allis° · West Bend° Municipalities (over 10,000 in 2000) Brown Deer‡ · Caledonia‡ · Cedarburg° · Cudahy° · Germantown‡ · Glendale° · Grafton‡ · Greendale‡ · Mequon° · Muskego° · Oconomowoc° · Pewaukee° · Richfield* · Shorewood‡ · South Milwaukee° · Whitefish Bay‡ Smaller Municipalities (under 10,000 in 2000) Bayside‡ · Big Bend‡ · Brookfield* · Elm Grove‡ · Fox Point‡ · Hartland‡ · Hales Corners‡ · Mukwonago‡ · Pewaukee‡ · River Hills‡ · Saukville‡ · Saint Francis° · Sussex‡ · Thiensville‡ · West Milwaukee‡ Counties Milwaukee · Ozaukee · Racine · Washington · Waukesha *town ‡village °city Municipalities and communities of Milwaukee County, Wisconsin County seat: Milwaukee Cities Cudahy | Franklin | Glendale | Greenfield | Milwaukee | Oak Creek | South Milwaukee | St. Francis | Wauwatosa | West Allis Villages Bayside | Brown Deer | Fox Point | Greendale | Hales Corners | River Hills | Shorewood | West Milwaukee | Whitefish Bay Municipalities and communities of Washington County, Wisconsin County seat: West Bend Cities Hartford | Milwaukee | West Bend Villages Germantown | Jackson | Kewaskum | Richfield | Slinger Towns Addison | Barton | Erin | Farmington | Germantown | Hartford | Jackson | Kewaskum | Polk | Trenton | Wayne | West Bend Unincorporated communities Allenton | Colgate | Hubertus | Kohlsville | Thompson Municipalities and communities of Waukesha County, Wisconsin County seat: Waukesha Cities Brookfield | Delafield | Milwaukee | Muskego | New Berlin | Oconomowoc | Pewaukee | Waukesha Towns Brookfield | Delafield | Eagle | Genesee | Lisbon | Merton | Mukwonago | Oconomowoc | Ottawa | Summit | Waukesha | Vernon Villages Big Bend | Butler | Chenequa | Dousman | Eagle | Elm Grove | Hartland | Lac La Belle | Lannon | Menomonee Falls | Merton | Mukwonago | Nashotah | North Prairie | Pewaukee | Oconomowoc Lake | Sussex | Wales CDP Okauchee Lake Communities Colgate | Genesee Depot | Stone Bank State of Wisconsin Madison (capital) Topics History | Governors | Sports | People | Geography | Demographics | Economy | Visitor Attractions Regions Central Wisconsin | Chicago metropolitan area | Chippewa Valley | Door Peninsula | Driftless Area | Eastern Ridges and Lowlands | Fox River Valley | Great River Road | Greater Milwaukee | Lake Superior Lowland | Northern Highland | Western Upland Largest cities Appleton | Beloit | Eau Claire | Fond du Lac | Green Bay | Janesville | Kenosha | La Crosse | Madison | Manitowoc | Milwaukee | Oshkosh | Racine | Sheboygan | Stevens Point | Superior | Waukesha | Wausau | Wauwatosa | West Allis | West Bend Smaller cities Chippewa Falls | Marshfield | Menonomee Falls | Menomonie | Neenah | New Berlin | Sun Prairie | Watertown | Wisconsin Rapids Counties Adams | Ashland | Barron | Bayfield | Brown | Buffalo | Burnett | Calumet | Chippewa | Clark | Columbia | Crawford | Dane | Dodge | Door | Douglas | Dunn | Eau Claire | Florence | Fond du Lac | Forest | Grant | Green | Green Lake | Iowa | Iron | Jackson | Jefferson | Juneau | Kenosha | Kewaunee | La Crosse | Lafayette | Langlade | Lincoln | Manitowoc | Marathon | Marinette | Marquette | Menominee | Milwaukee | Monroe | Oconto | Oneida | Outagamie | Ozaukee | Pepin | Pierce | Polk | Portage | Price | Racine | Richland | Rock | Rusk | Sauk | Sawyer | Shawano | Sheboygan | St. Croix | Taylor | Trempealeau | Vernon | Vilas | Walworth | Washburn | Washington | Waukesha | Waupaca | Waushara | Winnebago | Wood
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